Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990429
Name: Anonymous
Parent's name: Anonymous
Ovog: Bürheestiin Gonchig
Sex: m
Year of Birth: 1939
Ethnicity: Halh
Occupations: retired, camel herder, sanitar

Additional Information
Education: elementary
Notes on education:
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Tsogttsedii sum, Ömnögovi aimag
Lives in: Manlai sum (or part of UB), Ömnögovi aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

To read a full interview with Anonymous please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 080827A with Anonymous by Oyuntungalag

Janchiv has a four year education. After finishing elementary school, he looked after the livestock of his parents, who were herders. In 1956, his family joined a collective farm. Janchiv started to work in the collective farm in 1960. After finishing a medical course in Arhangai, he worked in a hospital as a nurse for ten years. After that he was a cattle counter in a collective farm and then a camel herder. He retired in 1995.

Janchiv tells about a broad range of topics in great detail: his jobs as a nurse, a camel herder and a livestock accountant, the hospital where he worked, camel breeding, the subjects that he studied in elementary school, the cultural campaign, and privatisation. He says that thanks to the cultural campaign society became not only more hygiene conscious but also got rid of venereal diseases. Specially appointed medical brigades were sent to the country-side each year from 1958 to around 1966. In the socialist period he could not choose job, but was appointed to one.

Summary of Interview 080827B with Anonymous by Oyuntungalag

Although Janchiv thinks that in principle democracy was a correct choice, he says that it brought with it many negative things. For example, the degradation of morality, widespread alcoholism and disorder are all products of democracy. Today people talk more about their rights and entitlements and less about their duty. Democracy has also a destructive nature: all factories that had been built in the socialist period were destroyed during democracy. Janchiv did not support the democratic movement from the outset.

His story about the socialist period include the following: people respected their seniors, ordinary people did not go abroad, trade with China stopped in 1962 when Sino-Soviet relations deteriorated, and goods came mainly from the Soviet Union.

Other topics that Janchiv shares his views about are climate change, desertification in his aimag, and toponyms. His observation is that today hills are being named after people who camp in the vicinity.