Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990533
Name: Gaadan
Parent's name: Choidor
Ovog: Sayau Chültem
Sex: f
Year of Birth: 1924
Ethnicity: Dariganga
Occupations: retired / hairdresser

Additional Information
Education: elementary
Notes on education:
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Dariganga sum, Örgön gol sum, Sühbaatar aimag
Lives in: Baruun Urt sum (or part of UB), Sühbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

To read a full interview with Gaadan please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 100604A with Gaadan by Dejid

In the 1920s there was a person who headed the neighboring ‘ails‘, and everyone was obedient to his words and they were very principled. At that time not everyone went to work. Two children weren’t sent to school from one family. [That is, only one child per family would be sent.] Through the cultural campaign, people went to visit ails in the countryside and gave hair-cuts and bathed them. Every week hearings and lectures were organized in the club. The people had very deep religious beliefs and night and day they worshiped ovoos but worshiping was strictly prohibited and it was a very tough and strict time.

At first the poor people joined the collectives and it took a long time for the rich to join them. Life improved by joining the collective and the first and second-grade flour and bran used to be available. One cow was given to the each ‘ail’ for winter food. Gaadan guai used to eat bran when she was a child. If the collectives herders coped with the given work, they got their norms and if they couldn’t, they had to pay. It was a little better in the military than in the collective but because it was war-time then, the military provision wasn’t quite sufficient. During war-time all were in a state of preparedness. After the war there were rationed goods for some time.

Every woman sewed and if she married, she made her own clothes. The Dariganga people didn’t like to get married to the people from other lands very much. The women who gave birth without a husband were detested. The women delivered at home. Men weren’t supposed to do any house work.

From 1940 the ‘ails’ started to have stoves. The barber, the hot water, baker and the nursery were organized as brigade. The firemen brigade managed all the cooperative work.

The families rarely divorced. The people went to bed late and rose early in order to manage the work. When studying in the aimag school, dormitory rooms were rare. The parents rarely met with the teachers. As for the workers, they had vacations as awards but didn’t have any other vacation.