Interviewee ID: 990534
Parent's name: Lham
Year of Birth: 1929
Occupations: retired / negdel deputy accountant
Notes on education:
Born in: Dariganga sum, Sühbaatar aimag
Lives in: Baruun Urt sum (or part of UB), Sühbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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Summary of Interview 100605A with Chadraabal by Dejid
In the 1950s the illiterate young people attended the sum group meetings and learned there. Chadraabal guai had been taught general education and politics in the military.
The veterinarians examined the private livestock and gave them medications brought from Russia.
At that time the young people liked to tend livestock and they drove the sheep along one path and brought them by along the same route, thus saving the pasture land.
In 1959 when the collective was established, Chadraabal used to take the livestock census, and after that they organized a League cell meeting. The collective's livestock had ‘x’ sign on their ears. There were many small collectives which were later united. The people liked to tend horses and camels. The young animals were raised separately according to whether they were small or large ones. Meat was exported to Russia.
The collective had many livestock and they lacked manpower. The collective purchased its technology by livestock that was handed over in the spring. Initially the life of the collective members was poor, but later it improved and the difference between rich and poor was eliminated. The collective had demands for each kind of work. There were organized socialist competitions with the neighboring collectives. Their collective established a resort using their own resources.
The weather and the nature used to be seasonal but nowadays the autumn is long and the balance of cold and warm weather had been lost, he concluded.
In the framework of making everyone literate, groups were organized in the sums.
The cultural campaign had been carried out very efficiently, and the ‘ails’ warm ger linings were taken out and washed; people were given paint.
A ‘Horses’ association was founded in Sühbaatr sum and mare’s blood was exported abroad and airag was sold, but later it wasn't profitable and it was closed down.
Chadraabal guai received some livestock through privatization but he said much of the state property was destroyed at that time and it was an unjust thing.