Interviewee ID: 990537
Parent's name: Majig
Year of Birth: 1932
Occupations: retired / herder, brigade head (for small livestock)
Notes on education:
Born in: Asgat sum, Sühbaatar aimag
Lives in: Asgat sum (or part of UB), Sühbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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Summary of Interview 100608A with Lhaasüren by Dejid
Lhasüren guai had assisted his parents by tending livestock since his childhood and he never attended school. In the military he learned to read and write. During collectivization, agitation work was carried out and people were forced to join. The advantage of the establishment of the collectives was the cooperative work. He specified that tending livestock by pasturing them is the right method with less cost than present day farming.
The fact that the schools of that time had dormitories gave more opportunity for the children to study. It was a good and efficient thing to call someone to account. Not everyone who wished could become a party member and only the leading and good people had this opportunity. Besides fulfilling the work norms given from the collective, the people firmly fulfilled each given assignment.
The environment hasn’t changed much but the intense growth of the number of goats has had an effect on the herds, which has a negative impact to the pasture. The people cherished and respected nature and they were friendly with others.
The brigade dargas frequently visited the collectives members and they had high requirements. There were no art and artistry, no dance. Hearings and talks were often organized. Though belief and religion were prohibited, the rituals of the elderly to worship the mountains and the rivers didn't decrease. There was almost no differences in work positions. Everyone apart from the collective darga and the accountant were the same.
Beginning from 1950 tractors had become plentiful and the livestock ran wild. The livestock were slaughtered in great numbers and they were used for meat. The main and necessary information was heard on the radio. There were almost no radio, newspaper, dance and plays, but when Lhasüren guai was about ten years old, they first appeared. When the rewards or incentives were given, there was not much fuss about it like today, they were just handed out and that’s all. He thinks the privatization was carried out normally and the state policy was to distribute the property evenly. The people frightened by repression left their gers and piled-up goods and and escaped to Inner Mongolia.