Interviewee ID: 990546
Parent's name: Hurmambai
Year of Birth: 1947
Occupations: Bayan-Ölgii government advisor
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education: uls töriin deed bolovsroltoi
Born in: Altai sum, Bayan-Ölgii aimag
Lives in: Ölgii sum (or part of UB), Bayan-Ölgii aimag
Mother's profession: housewife
Father's profession: head of livestock brigade
To read a full interview with Uzben please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 100901A with Uzben by Khishigsüren
Kh. Uzben guai was born in Altai sum of Bayan-Ölgii aimag. He attended school and received an education, and beginning in 1969 he started his work and career.
It is said that the Kazakhs have a 1000 year history of living in Mongolia and it is not true that the Bayan-Ölgii Kazakhs had moved to Mongolia and settled 180 years ago. The Kazakhs have lived in Hovd and the Altai mountains until the present day. Initially they had been affiliated to Hovd aimag and in 1940 a separate aimag was established and since then a new path of development has begun. From 1956 the Kazakh people's life has flourished and in 1970-1980 it evidently improved and this was due to the state and government's contributions and care, said Uzben guai.
From 1960 construction has become a noted policy in Bayan-Ölgii and every household acquired a house, and in response the Kazakh people participated in the building-up of Ulaanbaatar and the Nalaih mine.
In the education sector the teachers from Kazakhstan were brought to conduct training and the teachers of their own were sent to Almaty to get trained.
The cultural campaign was aimed, firstly, to disseminate hygiene, secondly, to acquire knowledge and education, thirdly, get trained and work together. Each citizen had to carry this out, which they did.
In 1973-1974 the engineering network was laid in the aimags and the foundations to create a city was laid and this work was initiated by Uzben guai. Also, it was planned to have a unified public service center in each sum and with the implementation of this project created over 1500 jobs in Bayan-Ölgii alone. The so-called socialist labor brigades were established and they had a positive side like helping the people work in harmony and increase the work energy.
With the coming of democracy we shifted to the multi-party system and it was according to the social requirements, he said. The difference between the bosses and their subordinates has started to be eliminated now when compared to the socialist period and this is a good thing.
Summary of Interview 100901B with Uzben by Khishigsüren
Uzben guai’s background is that of a worker and a herder and through his labor, enthusiasm and activity he has successfully carried out his official positions until today.
During privatization there were many opportunities for Uzben guai but the legislation and the resolutions of that time were uncertain and he had little interest, therefore he didn’t obtain anything through privatization.
As a person who worked in the communication sector, he was able to develop this sector to international standards and he designed and implemented over thirty projects on developing the aimags and local areas. It wouldn't be an exaggeration to say that it was as a result of his labor that the present day cell phones, internet, and bank interactions have reached their present day level.
The Kazakh people have lived in harmony since ancient times and the mother is well respected. Uzben guai didn’t conceal his worry about the increase of various nude pictures and things that have a negative social impact, found on the internet and in the press in recent times and that young people are taken with all of this.
The most important thing is not to let the democracy slide towards anarchism. Democracy is a sacred thing cherished by humanity. We have to preserve the essence of democracy. To have democracy means to have everything in order and it means everything has a principle. If there are shouts from here and there while having a meeting, it means anarchism. Therefore, we shouldn’t let the democracy which is prospering in Mongolia go the wrong way and try not let it turn into anarchism. Japan has many millions of people and they are highly educated and cultured. Genuine democracy is only there. We have to build it in our own country.