Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990547
Name: Kalima
Parent's name: Adesh
Ovog: Naiman
Sex: f
Year of Birth: 1950
Ethnicity: Kazakh
Occupations: Bayan-Ölgii ZDTG livestock policy minister

Additional Information
Education: higher
Notes on education: livestock expert; uls töriin deed
Belief: Muslim
Born in: Tsengel sum, Bayan-Ölgii aimag
Lives in: Ölgii sum (or part of UB), Bayan-Ölgii aimag
Mother's profession: housewife
Father's profession: herder, head of livestock brigade

To read a full interview with Kalima please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 100902A with Kalima by Khishigsüren

The Kazakhs don't like their women to marry other nationalities, but the men don’t disapprove of having wives of other nationalities and if the family have children they either live together until death or they divorce if necessary. Such is the custom. The women’s organization of that period made great efforts to make the women cultured and involve them in public life.

In order to become educated the children attended school with tears in their eyes and although the dormitory condition was poor they studied well.

The first higher education enrollment examination competition began in 1969 and the children who competed for foreign school appointments took exams in Ulaanbaatar and the local schools exams were taken locally. Kalima guai greatly criticized the present education system and she expressed her deep regret that people who are not able to talk and write graduate from the Institutes.

At that time there was a big apparatus that was in charge of personnel and each worker’s work activity was examined at the end of the year, giving them incentives or taking various measures but such a system has vanished.

With the coming of democracy Mongolian life became very hard for some time, but the people understood it and they readjusted to it and only now it started to become regular. The leadership methods of the dargas of that time varied depending on the individual but the principles of leadership and subordinates were firmly adhered to.

Concerning the Kazakh funeral rituals, the dead was bathed with 7 teapots of water and then it was wrapped in 7 layers of bandages and buried in the ground. Then the clothes of the dead were given to the people who had a role in the funeral and the person who bathed the dead was given the footwear. The dead was left at home overnight on the day of his death and the next day he was buried. A ceremony was held on the 40th day (after death) and the first-year anniversary.

The young people start their life late compared to people during socialism and incidents of laziness and being fully dependent on others have increased.

The Kazakhs have been greatly repressed and especially the young and the old of the eight clans have been repressed saying they were counter-revolutionaries who came in from Kazakhstan.