Interviewee ID: 990587
Parent's name: Gungaajav
Year of Birth: 1927
Occupations: herder / retired
Notes on education:
Born in: Tsetseg sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: [None Given] sum (or part of UB), Hovd aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Javzan please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 101107A with Javzan by Otgonbayar
Javzan egch was born in 1927 and she has been a herder all her life through. During the break-up of the collective Javzan egch had some private livestock and when the collective distributed shares, she gave away half of her cattle for her share. Life was hard during World War II. In 1983 her pension was set at 115 tögrögs. She became literate attending the bag group training.
In the socialist period religion was concealed but the herders still adhered to custom when slaughtering an animal, taking milk out of the ger and celebrating the Tsagaan Sar. When Javzan guai was small, she saw the Bodonch monastery lamas being arrested and being taken by horse relay.
When she was eight years old, the Osmans seized her two sisters Tsagaanhüü and Gilegsenge and took them away. They seized all their livestock. Later their livestock were taken from the Kazakhs and given back to them.
From July, 2005 Javzan guai has started to attend the church in Dari Eh of Ulaanbaatar. The leader of the church is Lhagvasüren. Having come back to her homeland, she started telling the people about Jesus.
There was much work in the socialist time and only in winter and autumn they had a slight break. All other times they busied themselves with the livestock. While grazing the sheep she sewed her clothes. In and out she raised her children. Her oldest son was born in a hospital and the rest were born at home. The doctors came for the children’s checkup and went away.
Recently the nature and the weather are being dried up. The cattle hair and wool have become less. In the 1990s she came to the city on a ‘30’ truck spending 5 days on the way.
Summary of Interview 101107B with Javzan by Otgonbayar
Javzan guai told how she married her son off. When marrying off her son, they prepared the ger and the wooden parts of the ger were bought from Zavhan. When marrying off her daughter, they prepared a bed, a chest, wardrobe and clothes. For matchmaking they considered the day, and the wedding day was agreed between the two sides and they organized festivites. Having considered the day, they moved to the groom’s place and celebrated the wedding.
When Javzan guai got married, they just joined each other from the two sides and the wedding ceremony was rare and secret then. In case of the parents’ disapproval the bride escaped from them and got married. The Kazakh custom mostly consists in fleeing.
In the olden times the (auspicious) days for the funeral were not considered but nowadays they are. When her father died, he was buried in three hours in an open place. Her mom died in 1971 and after waiting a night she was buried.
She doesn’t often visit lamas and she looks at the calendar to manage her work. Her father was a person who compounded herbs. Javzan guai’s father, her father-in-law and her oldest son are all hunters. In the socialist period the hunters hunted on a contract basis. Today deer, marmot and squirrels are rare and the wolves have increased. Since 1990 the poachers have increased. The hunters performed their rituals. Since 1990 the number of prophetic people has increased. Also, the nature and the weather have dried up, and the people started to dig the ground in search of gold in her homeland.