Interviewee ID: 990588
Parent's name: Ülemen
Year of Birth: 1947
Occupations: retired / works (üilcheldeg) in sum
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education: cook, builder
Born in: Manhan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Jargalant sum (or part of UB), Hovd aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
To read a full interview with Nyamkhüü please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 101108A with Nyamkhüü by Otgonbayar
Nyamhüü was born into a herder’s family in 1947 in Manhan sum of Hovd aimag. Having acquired a special secondary education in the secondary school of Manhan sum center, she further finished the construction school of Darhan city, training as a construction worker. She worked for a year as a construction worker at a plant and quit the work due to her pregnancy. Nyamhüü guai has now 9 children. She worked as a cook for ten years in the kindergarten of Manhan sum of Hovd aimag and also for sixteen years she was the treasurer of the student’s dormitory of the Agricultural Institute in Hovd aimag. In 1997 at the age of 49 she retired on a pension.
When Nyamhüü guai worked as a cook in the sum kindergarten, the physicians constantly checked the children’s meal quality, its hygiene and taste. Nyamhüü guai’s husband worked as a transportation driver therefore the most of the time of a year he has spent driving. In case he was missing the transported goods or exceeded the transport schedule he was fined.
Her working hours began from five in the morning and she came back home at nine in the evening. There was no one to look after the children therefore the older children looked after the younger ones. When she worked as a treasurer at the Agricultural University, there were over 310 students and they had a semi-military organization. At that time she had an infant baby and if she was absent from work or negligent, she would be discussed at a meeting. She recalled the women were not excused from work and they repaired roads, built fences, dug ditches, participated in the subbotniks and they were involved in all kinds of work. If they participated in all the work organized, they were considered the best workers. Since Nyamhüü guai found out she had liver cancer she has become a Christian.
Summary of Interview 101108B with Nyamkhüü by Otgonbayar
Nyamhüü guai’s parents were Buddhists. Her dad foretold things and read sutras. In the sum and the brigade he used to read some books and he cured infant babies by splashing some milk and hyaram (boiled milk diluted with water) on them. He used folk magic (har dom), as the old people of her parents’ land said of him. Nyamhüü guai’s origin from her father’s side was a lama Keru who lived in an Ulaanbaatar monastery. He was a fortuneteller and he cured people.
Before coming to the Lord Nyamhüü guai visited a lama once or twice in the socialist period but she never believed in god and never lit a lamp oil. There was no burhan at her place. But she took into account the day when slaughtering an animal. On the day of a knife edge the animals weren’t slaughtered, dairy products weren’t taken out of the home and milk wasn’t taken out in the twilight. For 3-5 days dairy products weren’t taken out of home after castration of the lambs and the young goats.
She is a Christian. She first heard of the Gospel in the hospital. The church she attends is the first church of Hhovd.
With the coming to power of the democrats in 1990 many parties and coalitions were formed and the political life was unstable. Besides that it was a tough period for the society. At that time Nyamhüü guai together with her husband started carrying goods from the south. She crossed the border and lost 5.000.000 tögrögs in trade. At that time 5.000.000 tögrögs wasn’t a small amount. It was a very tough and hard life for her at that time. So she started to work as a school treasurer.