Interviewee ID: 990595
Parent's name: Choi
Year of Birth: 1947
Occupations: Senior Association head
Notes on education:
Born in: Baruun Urt sum, Sühbaatar aimag
Lives in: Baruun Urt sum (or part of UB), Sühbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: Can't read
Father's profession: Government worker
To read a full interview with Ganbaatar please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 100613A with Ganbaatar by Dejid
Ch. Ganbaatar guai was born in 1947 in the center of Sü hbaatar aimag and at the age of 8-9 months he was adopted. His adopted parents were in charge of the ideology of the aimag party committee and they were a noted intellectual family. He attended kindergarten from the age of 3-4 and then went to school. After finishing school he studied as an agricultural mechanic and he worked on a tractor-combine and then he left to serve in the military. At that time the people with agricultural vocation were exempted from the military service, but Ganbaatar guai went voluntarily to the military and he was promoted to corporal, then sergeant. Then he stayed on and worked in the military. For over twenty years he served in the army in various positions and he retired with as a major and since 1992 he has been working for the seniors’ association.
The military provision and the salary were sufficient and in addition they gave him a military title, his working years (ie, provided employment) and an additional field salary. Compared to the ordinary life the military life had much better supplies and they were served in a special store and even the firewood was provided. At that time all the professions were obtained free of charge therefore the people had the opportunity to acquire the profession they were interested in. The military people had scarce time to dedicate themselves to their families but their children were fully involved in the schools and the kindergartens. The soldiers were taken to the cinema at the weekends and art performances were performed in the clubs. Dance festivities and art performances were organized and the soldiers were involved in concert preparation works, thus the soldiers were culturized. Around 1961-1962 religion was mostly prohibited. There are many rare things at Ganbaatar guai’s like Buddhas, prayer-wheels, and a copper jug (dombo) that had been worshipped by his family for many years.
Finally he said with a worry that the pasture lands are being used in a wrong way that’s why the plants are decreasing and desertification increases. Marked weather changes are noticed and the winter and the summer seasons shorten while the spring and autumn seasons become longer.
Summary of Interview 100613B with Ganbaatar by Dejid
Sühbaatar aiamg is full of beautiful nature and animals to hunt. Its people live in accordance with nature, but recently the cars and the motorcycles have increased, which has a negative impact on the pasture land. The decrease in number of the animals that can be hunted rankles the heart of Ganbaatar guai. Also, it’s regrettable that forcing bad vehicles to the countryside increases air pollution not only in the city but in the countryside.
The Dariganga land was the possession of the son of Batmönh Dayan Haan, Gersenz, and after the place had been conquered by the Manchu it was transformed into a base to tend the Manchu military horses and cattle. The famous Altan Ovoo was made a state-worshipped ovoo in 1913 by the order of the Bogd Khan but for some time there had been no religion therefore in 2004 by the order of the President once more it was made a state worshipped ovoo. The Dariganga people are famous for their skilled craftsmen and their works are masterpieces by their design and style, and the people are still amazed by their beauty. Many good men (sain ers) who resisted the Manchu state were from the Dariganga land and among them there was Toroi bandi, who is respected by the Mongolian state and there were many other famous good men as well.
After revolution the aimags were established by the territorial administration structure and there was Dariganga sum of Dornod aimag, and later in 1942 the so called Javhlant sharga aimag was founded at Mandal monastery. At that time 10 sums from Dornod aimag and 4 sums from Hentii aimag were combined and they created Sü hbaatar aimag.
In 1956-1957 for the first time the cultural campaign was intensely carried out in the center and the countryside, and Ganbaatar guai said it had a great influence. Each ail had to observe proper hygiene and read books and newspapers, watch movies and plays and thus they were civilized. It was a wide-reaching work. Also, works like learning new songs to study foreign languages and public dances were organized in great numbers. This continued intensely until 1960.