Interviewee ID: 990005
Parent's name: Shagdar
Year of Birth: 1959
Education: incomplete secondary
Notes on education: This most likely means 7 years of schooling.
Born in: Bayantsagaan sum, Bayanhongor aimag
Lives in: [None Given] sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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cultural campaigns; travel; politics / politicians; new technologies; collectivization;
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To read a full interview with Baasanjav please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 080304A with Baasanjav
The interview with Baasanjav was about the cultural campaigns and they took place in 1969. They visited households by motorcycle and horses to carry out advocacy (agitation) work and would do an inspection later. They would bring toothpaste and toothbrushes, soap and towels from abroad and sell them to families based on the number of family members. All families bought and used them. All sums had an agent and the agent visited families, carrying goods on the camel and buying leather and livestock bones and such from the herders and selling them goods.
Toothpaste of that time was menthol-free but with some sugar and the soap was produced in the aimag. The community generally accepted the cultural campaigns positively. The rural area was developed only to a low level and the local people generally didn't go to the aimag, city or abroad. .
The sum staff had to go on field missions that lasted several days and they monitored the progress of the cultural campaigns. They would stay over night with a family and continue the next morning. They give marks of excellent, good, fair, and bad and if families received a 'bad' or 'fair' mark, tasks were given to the families and there would be a follow-up inspection. At the end of the month the brigade meeting discussed the inspection results and people tried not to be talked about badly at this meeting. If the inspectors did an incorrect evaluation, they would be in trouble when aimag officials came and visited families and checked everything. If any incorrect evaluation was revealed, the inspector was punished.
The cultural campaigns started gradually and intensified in 1970. If families were judged to be 'bad', the inspection team left a pig there and if families received bad marks three times, they had to pay a fine of 25 tögrögs. By 1985-86, most of the families were in accordance with the requirements.