Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990009
Name: Horloo
Parent's name: Sodnom
Ovog: Görööchin
Sex: f
Year of Birth: 1942
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: secondary
Notes on education: büren dund
Work: retired
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Tarialan sum, Hövsgöl aimag
Lives in: Bayanzürh sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

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work; education / cultural production; childhood; foreign relations; environment;

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Summary of Interview 080404A with Horloo

Children played building gers with stones and start schooling at 8 years old when Horloo was a child. Herders’ children stayed at relatives or friends home while they were at school, and later, after the establishment of collectives they started to stay in the dormitories.

She studied at the faculty of Kindergarten’s Teachers of the Pedagogical Institute, and after graduation she worked at the 17th kindergarten. Until 1990, kindergartens ran throughout the year, for all 4 seasons.

Horloo also taught 'life' (lit: ahui) (labour) class at school when she returned to her homeland and she participated in the establishment of the 3rd kindergarten of Mörön in 1975 and worked as the first Director there.

Toys for children were made for different themes and types and they were all made by kindergarten teachers. Also, guinea-pigs and rabbits were fed by the kindergarten staff and later they were given to the Hövsgöl aimag zoo.

Teachers at that time were very hard working and able to do anything using ordinary, easily available materials and did not ask for a single tögrög from the parents of the children. The state paid a lot of attention to professional development and all teachers would go for post-graduate training for a month every 5 years.

At that time religion was prohibited and someone could even be punished for saying “My god”.

Teachers at that time really planted the seeds of culture in the heads of children and worked from their heart to teach children. At that time, there were only three text books and they were on mathematics, reading and grammar and children had to buy their books themselves.

Horloo recalled that there was only one club at the sum and movies, concerts were shown on weekends and New Year party was organized, which was very nice and stuck in her mind.

Nowadays young people are not active in learning and focus more on their beauty; it is a clear example of losing the tradition of accountability and family values from the past.