Interviewee ID: 990013
Parent's name: Luvsanrenchin
Year of Birth: 1951
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Work: Santehnikch jijuur - Academy of Sciences
Born in: Ih-Uul sum, Zavhan aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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cultural campaigns; new technologies; illness / health; herding / livestock; industrialization;
Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)
cultural campaigns; culture; education; cinema;
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Summary of Interview 080605A with Dügersüren
The main topic of the interview is the ‘cultural campaigns’. According to the interviewee, the ‘cultural campaigns’ commenced in 1954, 1955 and finished in 1960. Their main aim was to teach people about hygiene and how to live in a clean environment. Inspections were carried out once a week by a special commission consisting of the head of the sum, teachers and doctors. The cultural campaigns brought many benefits, such as: people started washing their teeth regularly, started using sheet sets and blankets, and keep cutlery for guests. During the campaign venereal diseases were eradicated, and the population in general became healthier. All schoolchildren had to have a bath once a week, clean their nails and wear a clean uniform at school. To enforce this, each class had ‘pupils’ committee’ to check on the cleanliness of the pupils. People who did not comply were publicly shamed. The cultural campaigns resulted in the development of a new industry: a china factory and a soap factory were built in Ulaanbaatar. As a result, people became more cultured and polite.
The cultural campaigns had a wider implication. The appearance of electric lamps and cinemas in the country-side can be attributed to the ‘campaign’. Cinemas played an important role in getting the message of the ‘cultural campaign’ across the country.