Interviewee ID: 990019
Parent's name: Soli
Year of Birth: 1936
Notes on education: büren dund
Born in: Bayan-Uul sum, Zavhan aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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education / cultural production; work; cultural campaigns; privatization; democracy;
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Summary of Interview 080701A with Tseden-Ish
In her childhood, people did not eat meat in the summer and made and ate blood sausage in the winter and spring. Children hardly had a chance to eat meat when butchering livestock. Households did not know to comb a goat and started combing a goat since Choibalsan’s time.
In the past, religion was prohibited and if they were found worshipping, the items would be confiscated. Burning incense was prohibited, but monks did fortune-telling and exorcisms secretly.
During socialism, work was found for unemployed people and they were sent for professional training and to school. After graduation of secondary school, children were trained at the vocational training institutions and employed. And it was the correct policy, Tseden-Ish said. Today young people cannot find a job even they graduated Universities and have a profession. At that time there were many good factories and therefore jobs were available. Children were voluntarily assigned to factories and worked as probationary workers and gained some work skills.
During the cultural campaigns, newspaper reading sessions were organized at all organizations to increase the knowledge and awareness of their workers. If workers completed the tasks assigned for them, they received a very good salary and some incentives, so people were enthusiastic about working. Tseden-Ish worked making ferroconcrete mix and received two tögrögs per truckload.
Forty-five days after birth, mothers would give them to a creche and go back to work. There was a tax for adults who did not have children. But parents received money for child-support and also mothers were awarded the 'Honored mother' medal. Tseden-Ish became a 'Champion of Labor' in 1978. The title of '5 year shock-worker' stopped being given by the time of the 7th 5 year plan. At that time, everyone worked in a team and helped each other a lot. Also, the Trade Union looked after its workers well.