Interviewee ID: 990021
Parent's name: Naranhüü
Year of Birth: 1952
Notes on education:
Born in: Altai sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Songinohairhan sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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democracy; education / cultural production; childhood; privatization; collectivization; military;
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Summary of Interview 080703A with Pürevdorj
During 1958-59, the collective movement started and the cultural campaign was also organized at the same time. The policy to develop agriculture started in the 1960s, and later in the 1970s, the socialist undertaking to construct buildings was started in Mongolia.
Purevdorj told us about the historical path of the Mongolian nation. Herders were allowed to keep a certain number of cattle and the remaining ones were supposed to be collectivized. People were suppose to fulfil meat and milk norms and received a salary.
At that time, the army service was for 5 years. People learned Mongolian script and mathematics at home and as a result of the collectivization movement, households located throughout the valley are organized and the seeds of culture and education were planted in people’s mind. At that time, all school-related costs were covered by collective.
After democracy, there were many school drop-outs in the period 1990 to 2000 and it was an outcome of a wrong policy by the state.
Currently, there is anarchy in Mongolia and fighting for state power at any cost. And he expressed his unhappiness that state policy has reversed and it negatively influenced the country's development.
People at that time were hard working, highly ethical and responsible. The state paid a lot of attention to the family and children and supported population growth. As a result of the cultural campaigns, movies, theaters and clubs were established and had a positive influence on people’s minds.
The foreign relations of Mongolia were limited to socialist countries and there was a fear of the threat of war between the two systems. The political atmosphere was cold at that time, and it softened after the meeting of Reagan and Gorbachev.
The salary was enough for daily life and incentives and overtime fees were given and the human labor was valued at that time.
The events of 1 July, 2008 negatively inluenced people’s psychology.