Interviewee ID: 990022
Parent's name: Tsedev
Year of Birth: 1938
Notes on education:
Born in: Bayanchandman sum, Töv aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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education / cultural production; cultural campaigns; childhood; belief; collectivization;
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Summary of Interview 080704A with Luvsandugar
Luvsandugar was born in 1938 and school was in a ger when he entered first grade. They started using a dip pen in the 3rd grade and starting in 1955, fountain pens became available.
The student stipend was 225 tögrögs and it increased when they advanced grades. If someone did excellent in their studies 90 tögrögs were added and if they had good marks 60 tögrögs were added to the stipend. There was a bus with a trailer and it was 15 möngö per one station and you paid based on how far you went.
The cultural campaign started in the 1960s and was completed in the 1990s. Every household had to subscribe to newspapers and have a library. Men had to have a female partner to enter the dance club. Students spent their leisure time by going to dance clubs and watching movies. Social education was delivered through lectures and and discussions.
Before the establishment of the collectives, taxes on privately owned livestock were paid.
It was ok to live in the dormitory and it had a cafeteria, laundry, and students were required to live neatly in the dormitory. It was not allowed for children to watch movies and dramas about love and other types of movies and concerts were open for everyone.
He studied at the Medical Institute and left the school during his third year because he was told to remove the skin of a corpse at the morgue.
Although the Ministry assigned students who graduated Universities and Institutes it was usually preferred to them send back to their nutag. Members of the collective allowed to purchase meat for winter consumption at a reduced price.
Religion was prohibited but there were monks at the Gandan temple and people were free to pray at the Gandan temple.