Interviewee ID: 990025
Parent's name: Dash
Year of Birth: 1946
Education: incomplete secondary
Notes on education: This most likely means 7 years of schooling.
Born in: Ih Jargal sum, Hövsgöl aimag
Lives in: Mörön sum (or part of UB), Hövsgöl aimag
Mother's profession: herder (died)
Father's profession: herder (died)
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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privatization; work; democracy; childhood; education / cultural production; military;
Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)
student life; military service; privatization; pension; work / labour; private life; black market; democracy; authority;
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To read a full interview with Bazarragchaa please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 080706A with Bazarragchaa
Bazarragchaa: Born in Ih Jargal sum of Hövsgöl aimag. In 1957 he entered the secondary school of Ih Jargal sum. He finished the seven-year school of Shine-Ider sum in 1964 and went to study in the construction technical vocational school in Zavhan aimag. When over 30 children from Hövsgöl arrived at the vocational school in Zavhan, the dormitory, food and clothes were all ready for them. Besides receiving a general education there, they had been taught vocational classes by the Russian teachers. After completion of the vocational school he worked as a bricklayer in the aimag construction office, and in 1968 went to serve in the army. In the army, he served in logistics for Ulaan Huaran in the city for one year, and in 1969 he went to the second mechanized infantry (moto buudlaga) brigade in Zuun Bayan, Dornogobi when it had just been newly established, and there he completed his military service. After demobilization he had worked for a year in the road crew of the aimag and he helped in the construction of the bridge over lake Hövsgöl. Later he assisted in building a wooden bridge in Tunel sum. Then he trained in driving tractors and combines and became a driver. He worked at the aimag construction office for some time and moved to countryside in 1984. He obtained some livestock and in order to improve his living conditions he went to the centre of Galt sum and worked as a brigade darga and a junior bookkeeper for the cooperative.
Then after privatization he tended livestock in the countryside. After privatization of the livestock there was no more need for a bookkeeper in charge of livestock, therefore there was no alternative than to go to the countryside. At that time he became jobless and he regretted that the time working for the state was coming to an end, but he was quite satisfied that he obtained property in the form of livestock through privatization. Through the pink coupons the members of his family obtained about 30 heads of sheep, 5 goats, 3 cows with calves and 2 mares with foals. They raised them and had 1 stallion, 50-60 cows, and over 100 heads of small livestock, but they lacked manpower to tend the livestock and moved back to the aimag centre in 2002. He had the right to retire when he reached the age of 60.
In 1991 they finished privatizing all the livestock of the cooperative. 3000 tögrög worth of livestock was privatized by the pink coupons per person. At that time one sheep cost 100 tögrög, so we bought 30 heads of sheep with the pink coupons that cost 3000 tögrögs. At that time, if the person who tended the livestock for the cooperative had a shortfall of livestock, the money was deducted from the value. For example, if you had a shortfall of 10 one-year-old lambs, 10 sheep would be drawn from the 30 to be privatized and you get only 20. At that time we were first informed that the livestock would be privatized with the pink coupons and the main capital with the blue coupons. Then, the deputy darga of the sum organized a one-day seminar, and all the brigades began to conduct the livestock census and privatize the livestock. We collected the pink coupons and gave out the privatized livestock, and we noted the remaining ones and distributed them to other people. All the cooperative members had privatized the livestock. Those who had been working at the sum school, hospital and other budgetary organizations were not given livestock from the privatization. But, those who nationalized their livestock when the cooperatives were first established, they got livestock. Those who really tended their own livestock had the privilege to choose from their own livestock.