Interviewee ID: 990034
Parent's name: Ichinhorloo
Year of Birth: 1942
Notes on education:
Born in: Дүүрэгч вангийн хошуу sum, Zasagtkhan aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Selenge aimag
Mother's profession: shoemaker in artel
Father's profession: -
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education / cultural production; work; politics / politicians; literature; keepsakes / material culture;
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Summary of Interview 080803A with Tsoodol
Tsoodol was born in 1942 and entered the Teachers Institute in 1963 and graduated from history and geography faculty. In 1the 960s, students went dancing at the Builders’, Railway and Officer’s club. At that time, students who do not well in school were expelled from the Institute and the stipend was different depending on grades.
In his childhood, he played ball a lot with the children of families of the Bürenhan artel by wrapping ankle-bones in cloth. His friends all went to school, so he followed them. At that time, school children wrote on brown bag paper or at the edge of the newspaper and used scraps of indelible pencil for ink.
His mother worked at the factory as a sewer, so he lived at home during primary school. He stayed at the dormitory when he went to the aimag secondary school. Tsoodol remembered that he slept for the first time on a mattress covered by a blanket.
Tsoodol twice lost his right to teach due to his nationalist attitude when he taught history. He did not teach from 1965 to 1973. During this period, he worked as a chief of the aimag cultural palace and editor of the TV and so forth. The aimag club shifted to a cultural palace and later it became a theatre.
Women in Tsoodol’s time were married to drivers and followed them without telling their parents. There were only a few drivers at that time, so later soldiers were trained to drive when they were serving in the army for three years. Then they became a driver at the collective.
Poor and middle income people were the first to join when the collective was established. They wrote an application and collectivized whatever livestock they had and joined the collective. Those who did not joined the collective experienced ideological pressure.
According to Tsoodol, the cultural campaign made a full Cultural Revolution in the households’ life and condition. Tsoodol was insulted because the party twice rejected his application due to his noble (taij) background and nationalist attitude.
Tsoodol thinks that households owned their apartments, peasants owned their land, and herders owned their livestock as a result of democracy and privatization.