Interviewee ID: 990038
Parent's name: [blank]
Year of Birth: 1926
Education: incomplete secondary
Notes on education: This most likely means 7 years of schooling.
Born in: Hüder sum, Selenge aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar hot sum (or part of UB), Selenge aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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repressions; childhood; family; politics / politicians; foreign relations;
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Summary of Interview 080804A with Bat-Ochir
Bat-Ochir was born in Hüder sum, Selenge Aimag in 1926 and his father was arrested and executed during the repressions. Repression started in 1924 and Buriad people were executed because they were considered as White Russian remnants and Party members.
One educated person helped him and taught him Mongolian script and square writing and changed his last name because he thought that his father’s name may interfere in his future study and career.
People who arrested his father had guns and army uniforms and arrested all adult men without registration papers and shot them at a place called Doloondavaa.
The next spring they confiscated all their cattle, saying these were the assest of counter-revolutionaries and brought them to Yöröö. Meat, milk and milk products were delivered to Russia. Most of the households in Selenge had their livestock confiscated and at that time there was starvation in Russia.
His mother’s relatives and even his grandfather were repressed and all Buriad men were arrested as counter-revolutionaries and shot them. At that time, there were many informers and bag darga Hand denounced people and all Buriad men were arrested.
The state did not provide any justification for this and arrested people saying they were a Japanese spy or counter-revolutionary and later one million tögrögs were given to families saying that it was repression.
Repression started in 1924, but the peak was in 37-38 and the 'great arrest' was started and many people murdered following Russian guidance and by Choibalsan’s command.
The first repressed Buriad person of the sum was the person who was the richest in the town and he was take to Russia and all his assets were confiscated. Later one Russian old person sent a letter to his family and he wrote that he was deported to one island in the Arctic Ocean.