Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990147
Name: Bud
Parent's name: Baljinnyam
Ovog: [blank]
Sex: m
Year of Birth: 1949
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: higher
Notes on education:
Work: company director
Belief: religious
Born in: Manlai sum, Ömnögovi aimag
Lives in: Manlai sum (or part of UB), Ömnögovi aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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childhood; politics / politicians; education / cultural production; work; new technologies; military;

Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)

traditional education; modern education; family; state; army; socialism; family policy; political parties; Ulaanbaatar; democracy; religion;

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To read a full interview with Bud please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 080821A with Bud

Bud is the oldest of four children in his family. During his secondary education he stayed in a school dormitory, for his parents lived in the country-side as herders. He studied meteorology at the State University of Mongolia. After finishing university in 1974, he worked as the director of a meteorological station in Ӧmnӧgobi. In 1977 he was called to serve in the army. Since then Bud worked for the Mongolian armed forces. In 1978, he was promoted to be an officer and assigned to work in the Ministry of Defence. He worked in the Ministry of Defence for eight years, and another eight years at the Army University as a lecturer. All in all he worked for 26 years in the army. In 2002, he retired, and returned to his native sum in 2006.

Bud talks about the following topics: his understanding of traditional education, why he started elementary school at 10, his dormitory life, his family, films that he saw in his childhood, his memory of socialism, families in socialism, politics, democracy, Ulaanbaatar, and benefits of religions. Bud was an excellent pupil in secondary school. Not only was he appointed as darga of his class, but after finishing the 4th grade he was sent to Poland on a summer holiday. He thinks that living in a school dormitory was a good experience for him, for he learned how to deal with other children and how to behave in a community of peers. In his view, in the socialist period everything in Mongolia was in order: people knew their roles (for example, dargas knew how to be proper darga) and their responsibility, were communally oriented, education was of a high standard, power was correctly centralized in the hands of only one party, the state cared for the people. In contrast, today people forgot what responsibility means, power became like a weapon of assault in the hands of power holders, the youth became disrespectful and shameless, the quality of education worsened, political parties now engage in a destructive fight with each other, the state became unstable. Although democracy is a good thing, in Mongolia it is being implemented in the wrong way.

To reverse the situation and stabilize the shaky state, what is needed in Mongolia is the state with harsh rules and harsh leaders.