Interviewee ID: 990061
Parent's name: Erdene
Year of Birth: 1944
Notes on education:
Born in: Manhan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: [None Given] sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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work; childhood; foreign relations; military; funerals;
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agricultural products; industrialization; urbanization; belief; privatization; nature and environment; family; funeral rituals; childhood; schoolchildren's life; Dandar Baatar;
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Summary of Interview 080902B with Törbat
In 1970 there was a large industrial region in Ulaanbaatar called the Industrial Complex District. There used to be a wool and woolen items factory, leather and hide processing, kid leather factory, leather items factory, a spirit and sweets plant, a repair station for 1000 vehicles, the building-construction plant, flour plant and so on.
In January of 1966 the state leader of the Soviet Union L.I.Brezhnev visited Mongolia and negotiated and since then a great many construction sites were created in Ulaanbaatar. Everyone had a work and he got the salary according to what he had been doing. There were no rich and no poor. Everyone had an equal life. In Darhan there were sheepskin, sheepskin items plant, silicate white brick plant, cement lime plant, large heating and power stations. Beginning from 1963 Darhan city had begun to be built by the Mongolian construction military unit and the Soviet military unit with the assistance of the Soviet Union. Here, the silicate white brick plant was established with the assistance of Poland, the sheepskin and sheepskin items factory was established with the assistance of Bulgaria and the meat plant was established with the assistance of Hungary. Specialists from these countries came and the Mongolian workers had been trained to work. There used to be a Russian town in Darhan.
It was said that in 1990 a democratic movement arose and a hunger strike was announced on the Sühbaatar Square and the democracy came into being. Though the people had become free since the advent of democracy, the great build-ups of agriculture had been privatized in a lot of haste and consequently errors were made. Privatization began from 1995, 1996. Initially the livestock were privatized by giving herders the privilege. At that time the dargas, having a superior right, mostly obtained the objects they had been in charge of under the name of a company, and then under the pretext of its bankruptcy they scattered the workers and got rich themselves. The pink and blue coupons weren’t given free of charge. One coupon per person was purchased by 1000 or 1500 tögrögs. I had kept the blue coupons for 2, 3 years and then I gave them to NIC company [the oil company]. I got 7000 tögrögs’ share one year and another year I got 12000 tögrögs and then they fell quiet and vanished. I went to Selenge aimag in 2006 to enquire about this matter and I was told that there were many people who lost their share in this way and that I had to go to the company and sue it. I wasn’t able to sue the company. I didn’t give the pink coupons to anywhere and they had been wasted. They are kept in a chest.