Interviewee ID: 990060
Parent's name: Sanjaa
Year of Birth: 1939
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Born in: Manhan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: [None Given] sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: lama
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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work; industrialization; education / cultural production; new technologies; foreign relations;
Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)
arteli; work - labor; private life; mother - father; relay station; official regulations; five-year plan; state unified loan; ovuligatsi; consumer goods; repression; belief; collectivization; agricultural industry; changes in household culture; cultural campaigns; urbanization; student life; Russians; aimag centre; family; privatization; nature and environment; democracy; funeral rituals;
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To read a full interview with Chuluunhüü please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 081001A with Chuluunhüü
S.Chuluunhüü was born in 1939 in Manhan sum of Hhovd aimag. After completing the fourth grade, his father made him become a herder. He tended the livestock for two years and then he became a stoker at the sum office. For six years after that, he worked as a clerk, and then for as a trader for five years. At the age of 26 he entered the trade vocational school. Since he had only four years of education he worked hard and he studied well and he graduated from the school in 1969. He worked in the trade organization of Selenge aimag and then in 1975 he completed a one year training course for leading trade workers in Novosibirsk. Until 1989 he was the head of the wholesale goods storage of Selenge aimag. After the privatization of the trading organization he retired. He never married, has no children and has no experience of bringing up children. He led a single life.
In the beginning of the interview he talked in detail about the repression, belief and the artel, through his parents’ history. His father was a lama who had lived in a monastery for 15, 16 years and in 1932 during the repression years, he went into hiding. He came out after the worst of the repressions were over and in 1938 he went to work as a tailor in the artel. He worked odd jobs and in 1990 after democracy he established a monastery in Manhan sum together with several old lamas. He had been a head lama of the monastery and he died in 1999. At that time people gave something from their property to the artel to become its member. His mother gave her pipe and became the artel member.
He also talked in detail about the collectivization movement, the cultural campaigns and the first five-year plan of 1950-1955. He talked about the distribution of a state-issued emergency voucher [literally: state unified loan] or ‘ovuligatsi’ and how the people matched them gaining money from it. There’s an interesting part of the interview where he talks about them being confiscated because of debt. He talked in detail about the city and countryside life, Mongolian-Russian relations, trade-sector activities and democracy. He shared his discontentment about the privatization process that had been carried out without preparation and the problems with brokerage firms. Due to all this privatization was carried out unevenly.