Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990128
Name: Gölgöö
Parent's name: Zagd
Ovog: Zandanbal
Sex: f
Year of Birth: 1945
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: higher
Notes on education:
Work: retired / teacher
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Bayandelger sum, Sühbaatar aimag
Lives in: Bayanzürh sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

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education / cultural production; work; childhood; relations between men and women; family;

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secondary school; childhood; schoolchildren's life; student life; family;

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Summary of Interview 081003A with Gölgöö

Gölgöö was born in Bayandelger sum of Sühbaatar aimag. She entered the sum’s elementary school in 1954. She became a student and went to Ulaanbaatar in 1964.

In the 1950s the number of children who entered the school was very low, and the teachers went to the countryside to agitate, saying “enter our school, a school is such a wonderful thing”, and they brought children to school. When I was small, my granddad wouldn’t let me go to school. In the absence of my granddad the teacher visited us and she let me enter the school. This was an opportunity to study. At that time, boys wore blue and the girls wore green deels, and they put their books and notebooks in a cloth bag. The dormitory of the schoolchildren was in the ger and in winter it was very cold and we were weary. Nevertheless, the schoolchildren endeavored to study. The education work was conducted by the pioneer leader, and during the October and May holidays few schoolchildren of the sum paraded. We used to read lots of books when we studied at the secondary school of the aimag centre. When we were schoolchildren, we had many lessons on labouring, carpentry, and metalworking. Also, the schoolchildren used to teach literacy to the illiterate people in the countryside, and they did lots of socially important work like shearing, haymaking etc. My generation was brought up from childhood to respect people, and obey the adults’ words.

When I was in the sixth grade, I heard my physics teacher talk in Russian with two Russian ladies, and I thought only to become a physics teacher. So, after completion of the tenth grade I entered the physics faculty of the University. At first I got the appointment to study abroad, but another kid took my appointment and went, therefore I studied in the local University and became a teacher. I’m not disappointed about it. At the time when I became a teacher the quality and the availability of the textbooks were good. The teachers were given continuing education every five years to enhance their profession. In the elementary school, or from grades one to four, the purpose of the teaching was to teach well the 4 methods of math and a provide a good knowledge of the language. In the secondary school or from grades five to seven the purpose of teaching was to give the basics of chemistry, physics and geometry and further the basics of the science. In the senior classes or from eighth to tenth grades the purpose was to give an advanced level of knowledge. The teachers had close relations with the parents, and they organized parents’ meetings, and sometimes they wrote notes to the parents. The children who lagged behind academically were entrusted to those with advanced learning. Pioneer and League activities were often organized among the schoolchildren.

When I was a student, we had a scholarship and I used to manage my food and everything else with it. Concerning the universities, math and physics classes were considered quite difficult. The students were head over ears with the math sums and they had very little free time. We had classes in the round hall. The students used to sit there often and do their studies. When we were students, we went to the countryside in June to do some summer work and went back at the beginning of August to help with the harvest.