Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990132
Name: Suvdaa
Parent's name: Damdin
Ovog: Halhad
Sex: f
Year of Birth: 1935
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Work: retired / Milk production master, worked in Trade union and government
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Halh gol sum, Dornod aimag
Lives in: Bayanzürh sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: Dotood Yam

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milk factory; milk and dairy products; worker; salary - incentives; informal culture in factories; administrative unit;

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Summary of Interview 081004A with Suvdaa

Suvdaa was born in 1935 in Halh gol sum of Dornod aimag. She went to the elementary school in 1947 and in 1954 graduated the seventh grade and went to the Soviet Union to train in the milk industry. In 1958 I graduated from school and worked in the milk factory for 20 years and then in 1984-1992 I had worked as the head of the ninth horoo of Bayanzürh district. I worked well there and I became the District deputy and I was awarded with an apartment which is a pride of mine.

In the old days there were no milk plants and horsemen went early in the morning saying, “Buy milk!’ Later a big market was opened close to the Peace Bridge and milk and dairy products were sold there. The foundation for the milk plant was first laid in 1953. On December 30th of 1958 a plant with the capacity to produce 30 tons of milk products a day was opened. It was a plant installed with Russian equipment. Two-three months before starting operation, the first workers of the plant were hired, and the Russian experts taught them how to operate the equipments. The plant had milk receiving workshop, four workshops for ice-cream, curd, milk and yogurt packing that operated with two shifts.

Milk was delivered from such places as Ayush mouth and Batsumber and the receiving section of the plant heated it to 85 degrees and then cooled it to 5 degrees and then it could be sold. The left-over milk was distributed to the four workshops producing curds, yogurt, ice-cream and etc. Eventually, the plant was receiving over 50 tons of milk daily, even though its capacity was only 30 tons. So in the 1980s, the milk plant was expanded. Initially, the milk experts had been trained in Russia, but in 1968 a food technology vocational school was built locally and they were trained there. Off-duty, the workers built a Red Corner building, and did furnished their offices. People had been selected who worked well and who didn’t skip the political hearings and lectures and their pictures had been hung on a board of honour and they won awards. Until 1989 many farms like the Gachuurt farms of black and yellow speckled cows used to produce milk. During my time, the technology was used and quality products were produced. The milk ice-cream tasted of milk, the cream ice-cream tasted of cream. Our bosses had been appointed from the Ministry. The bosses, technologists and engineers looked after the workers. The workers went on outings and sports competitions, and talks and lectures used to be organized. The trade Union and the Women’s organization organized many activities.

In the 1950s there were 2 large factories like the Candy and Cake plant and the meat plant. The third plant was the milk plant. In 1959 or 1960, the Ulaanbaatar flour plant began to operate. In the 1960s the meat plant and the candy plant were expanded and new plants like the bread plant and the children’s milk plant were established. These food factories had operated till 1990 and were privatized.