Interviewee ID: 990064
Parent's name: Jamts
Ovog: Borjigon tsets
Year of Birth: 1938
Notes on education:
Born in: Bayanjargalan sum, Dundgovi aimag
Lives in: [None Given] sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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travel; collectivization; cultural campaigns;
Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)
collective; livestock; civilization; tuuvar; driving livestock;
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To read a full interview with Tarav please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 081207B with Tarav
J. Tarav said, “In the socialist period, people tended their own livestock together with the collective livestock, but they never differentiated the private and the collective livestock. They had the same attitude for they were paid 100-200 tögrögs a month for tending the livestock. It was sufficient money.” From what she said we can see that the people of that time not only tended the collective livestock but they also processed the raw materials from the livestock. In fact, they used all the animal by-products and benefits, and they delivered them according to the standard norms and planning.
Beginning from the 1960s a cultural campaign was begun in the countryside. As a result the ‘ails’ began to use stoves and stove pipes and the ger smoke and dust decreased. Each ail was required to have a sink for washing, hand towels, soap, a [wooden] ger floor, bed sheets and they checked who fulfilled these requirements and who lived clean and neatly. It was very effective, she said.
In the socialist period, in order to procure livestock from the countryside the people visited Ulaanbaatar while pasturing the livestock, and in some cases people bought livestock in one place and they drove them to their homeland and tended them till they got fat and they drove them back to Ulaanbaatar. This process is called ‘tuuvar’. At the age of ten for the first time she drove the ‘tuuvar’ cattle to the city in order to see Ulaanbaatar. Since then she had driven ‘tuuvar’ cattle several times.