Interviewee ID: 990098
Parent's name: Tserenpil
Year of Birth: 1939
Notes on education:
Born in: Hujirt sum, Övörhangai aimag
Lives in: Han-Uul sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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life in wartime; repressions; cultural campaigns; collectivization; education / cultural production;
Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)
post-war situation; herder's life before collectivization; repression; belief; cultural campaigns; collectivization; collective member; childhood; schoolchildren's life; work - labor; collective; boss - worker relations; women's life; women's organization; family;
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Summary of Interview 081220A with Tserendulam
Ts.Tserendulam was born in 1939 in Hujirt sum of Övörhangai aimag. After completing the fourth grade she tended livestock until the age of twenty. Then she went to the Harhorin state farm and worked at the flour plant. But the work was hard, and she married a man who was a driver, and she delivered many children, so she quit her work in order to take better care of family life.
In the beginning of the interview she characterized the ordinary herders’ life of that time through her childhood memories. She briefly mentioned that during the repressions the people were afraid and they concealed their Buddhas and relics in the mountains and among the rocks and also she mentioned about the cultural campaign.
When announcing privatization they said the cattle would be given to the herders and the state farms and the industrial enterprises to the workers and it brought many errors, she thinks. But in recent years, progress could be observed, she added. She talked particularly about the collectivization movement. The leading herders of that time and the agitators organized a meeting and they got over ten ails join the collective. In this way the collectivization movement began and she also told how it expanded its reach and what role the agitators (propagandists) played in it. She talked about the collective members’ life and work. She talked about the schoolchildren’s items when she studied at the elementary school and about the school conditions. She mentioned about working at the flour plant. At that time there were sufficient employment and it was easy to get employed though there was a lot of pressure at work. But nowadays, she said, there are complicated problems of needing to have contacts to get a job, and there is an age limit. At the end of the interview she briefly mentioned about the changes of the women and the family life, what activities were carried out by the women’s council and the difference between the city and the countryside.