Interviewee ID: 990080
Parent's name: Dondov
Year of Birth: 1940
Notes on education:
Born in: Saihan sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Bayangol sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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privatization; foreign relations; NGOs; politics / politicians; authority;
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Summary of Interview 090102C with Lamjav
The third part of D. Lamjav’s interview fully covers the 1990s privatization.
The biggest basic change of shifting to this society after the democratic events in Mongolia was privatization, concluded Lamjav. The socialist public property and the state property were broken up. In 1990, for the first time in the history of Mongolia we acquired the first standing parliament and the first law approved was the law on privatization that authorized private property. Two or three various laws were issued on privatization of the industrial enterprises, the privatization of the state enterprises and the privatization of the agricultural collectives. All the citizens of Mongolia were given the equal right to possess 10.000 tögrögs of property and the privatization coupons were sorted by the color. The blue coupons of big privatization were valued at 7000 tögrögs and the pink coupons of the small privatization at 3000 tögrögs. The blue coupons were meant to privatize the enterprises. A law was approved aimed at purchasing shares. The political polemics on the issue of privatizing the collective property reached the level of a conflict. The law was issued with an explanation ‘the collective members will decide the issue of privatizing the collective property’. It was indicated that ‘they will privatize according to their will’. Due to privatizing the collective's property the question ‘who is a collective member?’ became important and it led to a dispute. So, the term ‘ collective member’ was determined according to the previous law, the law that the people adhered to. It didn’t matter how many livestock he had collectivized or what he had given. The mere fact that one didn’t labor in the collective was enough not to consider him a collective member and it was the origin of disputes about privatization. He talked about it very extensively.
In the local area, in each collective the issue of privatizing the collective property has been resolved in different ways, by personal discretion. There was a lack of knowledge of the privatization process at all stages and there were errors, and it was carried out unfairly.
The most important base acquired by democracy, the confirmation of our freedom was private property. The confirmation of the human rights given by the Constitution had to be provided by property. The mechanism that prevented the implementation of rights occurred in the privatization process as it was carried out in our country, and it was the most negative phenomenon in the democratic period. In this way he expressed his thoughts on other socially negative consequences that originated from the privatization. All information related to privatization is in this interview.
The amazing, interesting and the gratifying side of D. Lamjav’s interview is that he has talked about each subject very extensively and deeply. He is the witness of many social phenomena, and in this context he tells an accurate history, and from the other side, we can find out from his interview an individual who actively creates history.