Interviewee ID: 990093
Parent's name: Namhai
Ovog: Ih Mongol
Year of Birth: 1945
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Born in: Bayandelger sum, Töv aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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repressions; foreign relations; authority; herding / livestock; collectivization;
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Summary of Interview 090115A with Tsend-Ayush
Tsend-Ayush guai told many interesting facts about the repressions that happened between 1924 and 1990. In 1921 the People’s Revolution was victorious with the assistance of the Soviet Union and the Comintern policy began to be implemented in Mongolia. The repressions began in 1924. The head of the government of that time, the darga of the People’s Party Danzan and the darga of the Central Committee of the Union Bavaasan were executed under the pretext that they protested the Comintern policy, drawing away Mongolia from the Soviet Union. Since then the repression was been carried out step-by-step. Later ‘Lame’ Genden, the Prime Minister was executed for arguing with Stalin about developing Mongolia by its own characteristics and not just imitating Russia. Soon the policy of reducing the number the lamas was carried out and it was the beginning of the great repression period.
Repression continued between 1924 - 1990 in various forms and one out of three Mongolian households has been involved in this process, Tsend-Ayush guai said.
Though Choibalsan made decisions to arrest and kill following the instructions of the political leaders of the Comintern, in 1953 in order to get rid of the witness the Russians had Choibalsan be checked into a Russian hospital saying he had a kidney problem and he was killed there.
Since 1945 bloodless repressions have been carried out and it was all related with Japan and the Bogd Dalai Lama. The repression cases were related to following the policy of the capitalist countries like America. The lamas rioted to protect their own interests but all the lamas with a rank higher than ‘Gavj’ were executed.
The term ‘counter-revolutionary’ existed almost until 1990 and some of those who were repressed have been released after serving time in jail. They were employed but they were never appointed to a leading position. The state imposed overwhelming high taxes and consequently an economic repression was conducted. Those who didn’t fulfill the norms were imprisoned, movement within the country was limited and the people had no right to move at their will.
The Buriads were eliminated for almost two generations under the pretext of them being White (Russian) remnants and Japanese spies. Mostly only women and children were left.