Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990093
Name: Tsend-Ayush
Parent's name: Namhai
Ovog: Ih Mongol
Sex: m
Year of Birth: 1945
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Work: retired
Belief: shamanist
Born in: Bayandelger sum, Töv aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

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education / cultural production; collectivization; foreign relations; democracy; privatization;

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Summary of Interview 090116A with Tsend-Ayush

Tsend-Ayush guai has taken a close part of the cultivation of virgin lands campaign since it was started in 1959. He also boxed and he won a bronze medal from the Asian Championship. In 1972 he took part in the Munich Olympics.

He used to play a lot of table tennis, football, baseball in secondary school. Before going to school the children played people’s traditional games developing their intellect and the physique. By the 1950s the people had developed in their minds the perception of the necessity of children to attend school.

The people initially disliked the collectives when they were first formed. They didn’t like that their livestock were collectivized without any compensation. Though they joined the collectives, an official tax imposed on their private livestock was increased and they were required to collectivize the livestock again. The herders didn’t like it. The cultural campaign was a necessary thing for education and health, concluded Tsend-Ayush guai.

Right after graduation we were appointed to work and it was very difficult to be employed by your own desire. It was tough to change your work. Those who changed their work many times weren’t well accepted.

In 1954 the roots to develop the tourism sector were laid. Foreign tourists started to visit the country to be introduced to hunting, nomadic civilization and the beautiful nature.

The then dargas and their subordinates’ relations were grave and the people in authority strived not to lose their power. The few dargas had become a well-off and oppressive class.

Boxing started in Mongolia in 1948 but it was stopped due to its mis-use by the people. Later, from 1967, there was official boxing training. In world history there was the Olympics where the Palestinians took 11 sportsmen hostage and shot them. It was called the black Olympics.

With the coming of democracy the people started going abroad freely and increasing their property. They started to live a free life and Tsend-Ayush guai said he was happy about it. The higher than mid-level dargas have gained a lot by privatization and the difference between rich and poor originates from this.