Interviewee ID: 990154
Parent's name: Sharav
Year of Birth: 1945
Notes on education:
Born in: Manhan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Bayanzürh sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: died
Father's profession: died
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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childhood; cultural campaigns; collectivization; industrialization; relations between men and women;
Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)
herder's life before collectivization; childhood; schoolchildren's life; children's upbringing; belief; cultural campaigns; changes in household culture; collectivization; relay station; work - labor; industrialization; collective; authority; boss - worker relations; men and women; women's life;
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To read a full interview with Dagva please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090120A with Dagva
Sh. Davga was born in 1945 in Manhan soum of Hovd aimag. He entered elementary school, and when he was in the third grade, he joined his mother in Ulaanbaatar and graduated secondary school there, and then studied in Russia. He worked as a teacher at the Zavhan vocational school, and as a director of the school affiliated to the Ministry of Forestry and Industry, and as a factory darga in the wood processing industrial complex. He retired and since 2000 he has established a private business and is its director.
At the beginning of the interview he mentioned that his mother went to Ulaanbaatar to work there and he was left with his granny. From the age of four or five he started pasturing the sheep, walking without gutal. He used to be beaten by the adults that he didn’t pasture the sheep well. At the age of eight he went to school. While at school he lived in the ail and got hungry and thirsty and he escaped from there. He talked in detail about the herders’ life at that time. Also, there used to be a big Tögrög monastery in Manhan sum. His granddad’s younger brother used to live there. He didn’t pass on the Buddhas and the relics to him, but he worshipped them in the mountain. He also mentioned that until 1952 each ail praised Marshall Choibalsan and his picture was put in the frame and they worshipped it.
Later in the interview he briefly mentioned about studying elementary school, about the subjects they studied, and the school implements. During the cultural campaign firstly, the household, the individual’s hygiene and the clothing were improved; secondly, everyone became literate and every child was involved in the school; and thirdly, clubs and red corners were operated in each sum settlement and cultural and educational works were organized between the young people. He talked in detail what kind of works they were and how they had been organized. He discussed collectivization, about the work and life of the collective members, the work places in the socialist period, the work attitude of the people, the work collective, about one of the first state-owned companies, the ‘Mon Sav’ packaging company and how it was established and how it went bankrupt.
At the end, in particular he mentioned about how the plan to industrialize Mongolia had been executed beginning from 1935, about the life and work of the factory workers, the relations between the dargas and the workers, also about the changes in the men and women’s situation. He particularly mentioned that the Mongolian women have always carried the great burden of life.