Interviewee ID: 990154
Parent's name: Sharav
Year of Birth: 1945
Notes on education:
Born in: Manhan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Bayanzürh sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: died
Father's profession: died
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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education / cultural production; privatization; democracy; foreign relations; urban issues;
Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)
childhood; schoolchildren's life; vocational school; democracy; privatization; techniques and technology; foreign relations; Chinese; consumer goods; family; urbanization; funeral rituals;
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To read a full interview with Dagva please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090120B with Dagva
In the first part of the interview he talked in detail about education, covering topics such as the condition of elementary schools 1950s, teaching, vocational schools, and state policy in the educational sector. He also talked about the changes in the religion of Mongolia and he also shared his opinion on other religious denominations.
In the 1990s the nation should have preserved its authority in the main industrial sectors and gradually privatized them. But it was wrong to split it all up without doing so and instead privatize by the privatization coupons. The majority of the people were unaware about the privatization coupons and a few people collected them and privatized the factory equipment and the construction sites. Those people who gave away the vouchers were left without any benefit. The workers who worked in the factories and the intelligentsia with secondary education were left empty handed. He talked about the privatization issue in detail and he said that the land privatization is also being conducted in the wrong way. He briefly mentioned about the non-governmental organizations, the democracy, the new techniques and technologies of the socialist era, and foreign relations. He talked about the situation at the end of the 1950s. Unitl the end of the 1950s the most of the trading organizations in Ulaanbaatar were under the authority of the Chinese. Beginning from 1962 with the flourishing of the red revolution in China, the relations between Mongolia and China began to deteriorate, and in 1966 the majority of the Chinese were forced to leave Mongolia.
At the end of the interview he talked about the state’s family policy. In the socialist period those who reached 18 and weren’t married had to pay tax. Incentives were given to those who delivered many children. He also talked about Ulaanbaatar city development, and funeral rituals.