Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990117
Name: Anonymous
Parent's name: Anonymous
Ovog: Borjigon
Sex: m
Year of Birth: 1941
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: higher
Notes on education:
Work: retired
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Öndör-Hishig sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Han-Uul sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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industrialization; democracy; foreign relations; relations between men and women; family;

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Summary of Interview 090207B with Anonymous

In the second part of his interview he told the following story. In 1921 after the victory of the People’s Revolution the basis of the development of the industrial sector in Mongolia was laid. He has a collection of materials and documents related to the foundation and the development of the industrial sector. In particular there are materials on the Nalaih mine of 1922.

He has told an interesting story of how they went to the countryside initially to recruit the industrial workers and how they propagandized among the people. Our factories considered numbers, overlooking quality, and the workers lagged behind in their qualifications and education. The technological progress was poor and the machinery and the techniques were outdated. He said that the state couldn’t conduct a decent policy due to the fact that the government was in the hands of narrow-minded people.

All his children acquired professions in the industrial. His oldest daughter is an engineer who graduated from the Moscow Light Food Industry Institute. His next son Ganzorig is a mechanical engineer in light industry. The youngest daughter Gantuul is a tailoring engineer. They have all become industrial sector people. He also mentioned that when he was a darga of a leather cooperative, he established a sanatorium canteen for the workers and used to operate it.

He thinks democracy came out of the basis of the ‘industrial cooperative’. It was the unification of the people who incorporated their private machinery and equipment, and inside they conducted and managed their activities by the principle of democracy. He also said there were forms that incorporated Russians, Chinese and Mongolians.

He defined himself as a supporter and observer of democracy, but he wasn’t a participant. The value of democracy has long ago emerged in our intelligentsia. He thinks of himself that he had a democratic orientation and attitude at a certain stage.

He spoke also about the equal rights of men and women of the socialist period, what was the situation in the labor field, in what forms the party punishments were carried out and he also talked about the deeds of the female heroes of labor.