Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990160
Name: Nadmid
Parent's name: Jamsran
Ovog: Holboo het
Sex: f
Year of Birth: 1936
Ethnicity: Zahchin

Additional Information
Education: none
Notes on education:
Work: [blank]
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Manhan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Songinohairhan sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
(Please click on a theme to see more interviews on that topic)
family; collectivization; cultural campaigns; privatization; work;

Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)

Kazakh uprising; collectivization; privatization; lamas; repression; literacy; cultural campaigns; herder's life before collectivization; official regulations; collectivization; collective member; herder; consumer goods; deel - clothes; cultural campaigns; changes in household culture; privatization; work - labor; women's life; belief;

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To read a full interview with Nadmid please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 090213A with Nadmid

J. Nadmid was born in 1936. She tended livestock before she got married. She worked as a janitor and cleaner at sum and brigade centers. From 1990 she started tending livestock. She regrets that she never received an education.

In the beginning of the interview she talked about being the daughter of a family with over 1000 livestock, as a result of which she didn’t study but tended the livestock. She attended a study group and became literate. She talked about how the collectivization movement began. She collectivized the livestock and together with her mom she tended the collective’s cattle. She talked about the Osman Kazakhs. At that time there were many poor Urianhai families who were robbed by the Kazaks and even some of their family members were killed by the Kazakhs. These Urianhai families came to the region and tended cattle for the families living there. Prior to collectivization the herders used to pay the official regulations tax and it was a great burden to them. Those who didn’t pay were arrested for six months and this helped influence people to join the cooperative. Nadmid talked about the work and the life of the cooperative herders.

She talked in detail about the process of the cultural campaigns. She thinks that it is thanks to the cultural campaigns that people became equal in hygiene, health and literacy. She also briefly talked about her family members. During the privatization she privatized quite a lot of livestock and she raised them well. She divided the livestock and gave them to her children.

At the end of the interview she briefly mentioned that she never attended school and that she was a very obedient girl to her mother. She got married according to her mother’s instructions and she briefly mentioned about the women of that time. She also talked about the work attitude of the people of the socialist period, about the work and life of the cooperative members. She also talked about belief.