Interviewee ID: 990159
Parent's name: Böh
Year of Birth: 1934
Notes on education:
Born in: Manhan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Bayanzürh sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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work; childhood; cultural campaigns; family; funerals;
Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)
herder's life before collectivization; work - labor; cultural campaigns; collectivization; industrialization; urbanization; democracy; privatization; consumer goods; funeral rituals;
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To read a full interview with Tsevelmaa please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090214A with Tsevelmaa
B. Tsevelmaa was born in 1934 in Manhan soum of Hovd aimag. She was born as her mother was fleeing from the Osman war. She talked about her childhood and the herders’ life of that time. During the repressions her father’s younger brother concealed his lama sutras and he escaped arrest. Her older sister went to Ulaanbaatar when the industrial complex recruited workers. She followed her in 1954 and became an industrial worker. She worked at the wool washing factory and the leather goods factory and then she retired. While she worked at the wool washing factory, she did the daily standard work and along with that she participated in the morning hearings and the evening lectures. Also she took part in the subbotniks and she raised her children. She was very busy. At that time the mothers had pre-birth and post-birth leaves of 45 days each, a total of 90 days of leave. She mentioned that they had 30 minutes for feeding the baby until it reached six months of age.
Later in the interview she talked about the cultural campaigns. During the cultural campaign they cleaned the inside and the outside of the factory gate and the ger district people painted their hashaa. She mentioned that she became literate through attending a literacy course. She briefly mentioned collectivization. The wool washing factory was built with the assistance of Russia. They used to separate the wool, wash, and pack it, and then it was exported. The children worked at the factory in the summer and they arranged the schooling preparations. She talked about shifting to the leather items factory to work and how she came to the Ulaanbaatar city. The administrative organizations planted trees and grass and cleaned the garbage during the subbotniks.
At the end she mentioned about regretting all the time that she never attended any school. If her parents sent her to school, she would have had a vocation and she would have done easier work and perhaps her life would have been different. She talked about belief, private life, privatization, democracy, nature and environment, funerals and many other subjects.