Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990145
Name: Tseren
Parent's name: Shatar
Ovog: Uranhan
Sex: m
Year of Birth: 1929
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: higher
Notes on education:
Work: retired / accountant
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Darvi sum, Govi-Altai aimag
Lives in: Songinohairhan sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

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education / cultural production; work; cultural campaigns; travel; collectivization;

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Summary of Interview 090310A with Tseren

Tseren guai was born in 1929 in Darvi soum of Gobi-Altai aimag. He was raised by his parents. He tended cattle and from the age of ten he moved to Tonhil sum to attend school. He entered the trading vocational school in Ulaanbaatar in 1943 and he went to the city. It took him a month to reach the city. The children lived at the school and in the evenings they had voluntary unofficial fighting classes. They spent their time fighting with each other.

After completing school he was directly appointed to the countryside to work. At that time there was a very strict law called the fifth decree. It limited the chaotic misappropriation that prevailed in the trading sector.

Music, song and dance had a great future therefore he decided to establish an ensemble. He first established the Altai ensemble. Also, he established in each sum a club, a cinema, a hotel, and a cafeteria and the citizens of other aimags used to visit Altai annually to study the experience.

Through the cultural campaign much attention was paid to making people clean and neat and educated. The inspection people had certificates approved by the aimag and they examined the ‘ails’.

The herders were prohibited from making felt and distilling vodka and the brown felt provided by the collective wasn’t sufficient for the herders’ use. The cultural campaign was directed and coordinated, controlled and audited by the party and the League organizations and the women’s organizations supported and assisted and managed the people.

In 1981 a Qualification Enhancement Institute for the main office workers of the educational sector was established and Tseren guai started to work there.

In the socialist time criticism was open indeed but nowadays there’s almost no criticism.

Initially, the food factory has acquired a cafeteria, and the raw bricks were laid manually in the brick plant and later a brick-firing plant was established. There was a large budget for transporting wood from Zavhan therefore a wood plant was established and it started to operate.

It was tough when the collectives started to form and agitations were organized a lot. Though there were shortages of the collective wool, meat and cattle and the people were fined, they were exempted from it. When the imprisoned people were released, the aimag and the sum police, prosecutor and the sum dargas provided them with the ger and goods and they gave them a job to do.