Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990164
Name: Sumiya
Parent's name: Sharavdorj
Ovog: Gal
Sex: f
Year of Birth: 1941
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Work: retired
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Erdenemandal sum, Arhangai aimag
Lives in: Han-Uul sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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belief; cultural campaigns; work; childhood; collectivization;

Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)

childhood; schoolchildren's life; repression; belief; cultural campaigns; collectivization; work - labor; children's upbringing; secondary school; privatization; boss - worker relations; industrialization;

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To read a full interview with Sumiya please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 090320A with Sumiya

Sh. Sumiya was born in 1946 in Erdenemandal soum of Arhangai aimag. In the beginning he tells his own life story. He mentioned a funny story of going to elementary school. He briefly talked about the schoolchildren’s and the dormitory situation. After becoming a teacher he taught in Tsahir sum of Arhahgai aimag, in the state farm of Tüvshrüüleh, Hairhan sum and Erdenemandal sum. Then in 1989 he came to Ulaanbaatar and he worked at the special school at Yarmag, Han-Uul district until he retired.

The older brother of his father, named Ayurzana lama, was arrested and he was sentenced to ten years. After having served the sentence he came and said, “Every evening 10-20 men were called from among the 200-300 people and they were killed. I was one of the remaining dozen of men. The remaining convicts were made to work.” Coming home after being arrested he used to read sutras to the people of his nutag in the evening hours and he gave medication. Also, he mentioned briefly about the cultural campaign process, thanks to which the countryside people’s household culture had been improved and it had become no worse than that of the city-dwellers. During the collectivization movement his father became a collective member. The propaganda said, “It is profitable to join the collective, you’ll get a salary and the grass and the hay will be provided from the collective”. He discussed the life and work of a member of a collective.

The people under socialism were faithful in work. The people who graduated from an instituted were directly appointed to a job. He was working as an elementary school teacher and the salary was sufficient. He talked about the education system and the children’s upbringing. The children of that time were obedient and they carried out the given assignments well, and they were very interested in reading books.

During the privatization process he had been working as a supervisor. Those who were aware of the privatization got more and the majority of the ordinary people of the settlements scattered their coupons and didn’t get any profit. But the herders got their share through the livestock privatization. At the end he talked about authority, belief and industrialization.