Interviewee ID: 990177
Parent's name: Anonymous
Year of Birth: 1943
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Born in: Bayandelger sum, Sühbaatar aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: worker
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family; cultural campaigns; illness / health; work; education / cultural production;
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Summary of Interview 090407A with Anonymous
Anonymous was born in 1943 in Sühbaatar aimag. She went to school at the age of nine. At that time the children went to school when they were at least 9 or 10 . But there were many cases when 15-16 year old children went to the first grade. The countryside people of that time had few livestock. They sold their livestock milk to the sum center ails and they bought flour and rice. It is a common image of the countryside people of that time. When she was small, the lamas had often been arrested, and the lamas used to visit the ‘ails’ secretly to read them sutras.
The Mongolians preferred lamas rather than going to hospitals. Religion was strictly prohibited therefore they kept the wrapped Buddhas and relics in the chest and they lit oil lamps during Tsagaan Sar. There were no television and no refrigerators in the countryside ‘ails’ then. She was introduced to television and refrigerators in 1966 when she first went to the city.
In the socialist period only the good sides of socialism were written about in the magazines and newspapers and shown on television. The bad sides were concealed. The life of the ’ails’ and the living standard were guaranteed in the socialist period therefore the Mongolians did not always save money. The state paid much attention to the family. For example, the mothers had an 800-1000 tögrög allowance annually and with the policy to increase the population the state introduced the childlessness and lack of family tax.
During privatization the people were given share certificates but they weren’t aware of their meaning and they just left them. On top of that, the people in power had privatized the main large factories.
Through the democratic revolution of 1990 it had been publicized that the people would be free, free to express one’s view, and have a free choice of work. But today we have great many tax burdens when starting some kind of work, Anonymous said.