Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990316
Name: Chuluun
Parent's name: Dendev
Ovog: Besud
Sex: m
Year of Birth: 1928
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: higher
Notes on education:
Work: retired
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Erdenemandal sum, Arhangai aimag
Lives in: Songinohairhan sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

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collectivization; education / cultural production; work; cultural campaigns; belief;

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Summary of Interview 090424A with Chuluun

He was born in 1941 in Tsagaan Nuur of Övör Hoshuu Tariat sum of Arhangai aimag.

When he was small, there was a big Tariat monastery. In order to destroy it all its books, sutras and Buddhas were dumped in the river and some of them were piled up in the cooperative hashaa. Religion was shut down at that time, and his father was afraid and prohibited him to learn Tibetan and be interested in anything related to it. The teachings about dealing with the sacred virgin lands and the nature have changed. The waters have dried up and the trees have been cut down. In the 1940s he carried by camel caravan the annual consumption of flour, tea and drill cloth from Altanbulag and distributed the big loads of the sum cooperative in small amounts to the people.

The bag darga endured great pain to involve the people in the collectivization movement, to gather the bag people to organize meetings. Some of the people would join the collective willingly and those with many livestock wouldn’t. Later, the official regulations were made up for livestock meat and milk, pressing the people to join it.