Interviewee ID: 990195
Parent's name: Anonymous
Year of Birth: 1947
Notes on education: büren dund
Born in: Erdenemandal sum, Arhangai aimag
Lives in: Bayanzürh sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: normyn ajilchin
Father's profession: normyn ajilchin
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work; industrialization; cultural campaigns; democracy; privatization;
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Summary of Interview 090507A with Anonymous
She was born in 1947 in Erdenemandal sum, Arhangai aimag and her family moved to Ulaanbaatar in 1952. In 1957 she entered the school and having completed the tenth grade of the 14th school she went to work at the shoe factory. The shoe factory had over 2000 workers and it was a big factory. Through privatization its machinery and equipment were cast in the garbage. Some of it was sold and thus it was all misappropriated. The shoe factory produced the shoes for local consumption and the dargas didn’t oppress the workers much. People were employed as long as they were able to work, disregarding their age. All had work then, and there used to be plenty of promotions and a remuneration system.
With the coming of democracy all factories ceased their operation and many people became unemployed. The living standard hasn’t increased and many people suffered loss rather than gaining something. Being not aware of the privatization shares, they weren’t able to use them and they suffered great loss.
At that time the labor wage was decent and it was sufficient for life. The difference between the poor and rich was small then. There was a shortage of kindergartens and nurseries therefore her children were raised by her mother.
The cultural campaign was carried out almost until the 1970s and 1980s. There were inspection visits to the ‘ails’ and those who met the requirements were handed ‘the cultured household’ certificates. The industrial workers went out in the morning and came home in the evening. Sometimes the workers did overtime jobs and they stayed overnight at the work place. Only on Sundays did they have a day off and they did the household work.
Right after graduation the students were appointed to work, and the majority of them went to the agricultural field to tend the livestock and the rest became industrial workers. The work regulations and the responsibilities were very strict and there was no one who would violate or ignore them.
They first acquired a TV set in 1967 and from 1982 they had owned a refrigerator. Religion was prohibited and on top of that the political issues were closed. They were made to do physical exercises through a public order, she said.