Interviewee ID: 990214
Parent's name: Ayurzana
Year of Birth: 1941
Notes on education:
Work: retired - jijüür
Belief: none - nature
Born in: Bayantsagaan sum, Töv aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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education / cultural production; travel; belief; collectivization; industrialization;
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Summary of Interview 090609A with Pürev
Pürev guai is one of the first people who had acquired their geological training in Mongolia. He graduated from the school in 1964. At that time there were no survey maps and they used to make them after conducting studies.
There used to be only two higher education institutions. They were the Medical Institute and the University. Pürev guai did pasture irrigation work for 6-7 years.
For some time it was prohibited to move from the countryside to the city and the citizens were allowed to go freely to the countryside. Only the family of a vitally important qualified person were allowed to go to the city and there was no other way to move from the countryside.
The local raw materials were exported directly therefore the local production stagnated and the number of unemployed people increased greatly. We have the possibility to correctly manage our own people and give them work instead of importing the work force in great numbers from abroad.
The collectivization movement first appeared in 1956-57 and it was carried out in three stages. Initially the people didn’t accept well the collectives but gradually they realized its benefit and then they started to join it. The people joining the collective voluntarily collectivized their livestock and an exact number (to be given) was not specified.
In the socialist period there was plenty of raw materials and the industrial factories, the farms and the collectives were in constant operation. But with the coming of the democratic society the people do less physical work, and there is an increase of laziness and hanging out, with a consequent loss of public order.
Recently the minerals licenses have been given to the foreign companies for long-term exploitation and it is a very poor policy that might lead us eventually to being empty-handed, Pürev guai cautioned.
Even the unqualified people had been trained and they worked in the industries gradually acquiring vocations. There is no other country like ours that have destroyed all their historical things. The old gods, religious sutras and books, and antiques were all done away with and only the copies are left. Though the industrial work norms were over-fulfilled there had never been a surplus of products. Though democracy had come, the people abuse it and he expressed his fears about this.