Interviewee ID: 990242
Parent's name: Törmönh
Year of Birth: 1949
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Born in: Hotont sum, Arhangai aimag
Lives in: Bayangol sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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privatization; democracy; education / cultural production; funerals;
Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)
democracy; privatization; coupon goods; collectivization; funeral riturals; movies; plays;
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To read a full interview with Sonomdejid please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090702B with Sonomdejid
When democracy arose, we were taken aback and we thought ‘why they were announcing a hunger strike’? The result of democracy was a very uncontrolled and chaotic condition. I don’t remember how privatization was announced. Anyway I got the coupons and gave them to the telecommunications company. I used to purchase the coupons and give to the telecommunication company and now there are coupons worth 12 million tögrögs. I didn’t get much of a profit from those coupons. In the later days my husband had been working as a driver in the 27th auto base and he obtained a ‘KAMAZ” truck [a large Soviet truck] through privatization. My husband and our parents had obtained many livestock as well. During the privatization I and my husband inquired about our share but the answer was that we had nothing to do with it. Big Mongolian factories were bankrupted because of privatization. Some of them like ‘Altan Taria’ and ‘APU’ are now under someone’s control. In fact, there are few women who got a large share. All in all, the privatization was carried out in a wrong way, I think. To my mind, those people who brought democracy, in fact, have benefited the most.
In the socialist time, there used to be special Russian stores. We purchased Russian goods from those stores with a special identification card. In the 1980s the consumer goods and the food were available. In the beginning of 1990s we acquired [ration] coupons and we purchased meat and flour with these coupons. I used to buy things from Russian stores, so I wasn’t so much affected. Our workers used to be served there through the Russians who got approval for fishing.
When we were small, the dead were wrapped in a white cloth and taken to the countryside by a horse cart. In the recent time the people started to put them in a coffin and digging a hole, and they put up a statue. Today it is changed to cremation.