Interviewee ID: 990248
Parent's name: Chültem
Ovog: didn't want to say
Year of Birth: 1930
Notes on education:
Born in: Shaamar sum, Selenge aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Selenge aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: carpenter
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repressions; collectivization; work; education / cultural production; childhood;
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Summary of Interview 090708A with Bavaasan
The foundation of the Nairamdal collective of Shaamar sum was laid around May of 1956 by incorporating ten households. The people wanted to get rid of planning (ie, five-year plans) by collectivizing their livestock and tending the state livestock, thus a collective was founded.
Bavaasan guai completed the fourth grade in 1942 in Züünbüren and started to tend livestock. According to the order of the sum mayor he used to teach literacy to the neighboring people in 1942.
He wrote a petition letter to join the collective and submitted it at the fourth collective meeting. He had collectivized all his livestock except the camels. In the collective he initially went to haymaking and the next year he started to work as a census-taker of the small livestock. Then he worked as a grain clerk. Later on, it became the territory of the Altanbulag state farm therefore the Nairamdal collective was incorporated with the Högjliin zam collective. The collectives had been integrated according to the state policy.
The cattle hair, cashmere and milk had a plan and a norm. There were the first, second and third five-year plans named after Choibalsan. The livestock products had been commissioned according to the plan and the norm. The raw material was exported to the Soviet Union and in return we got machinery and technology. All the collective members who hadn’t been imprisoned and with no health excuses had to participate in the elections.
Bavaasan guai talked very extensively about the repression. Loohuuz, Nyambuu and Surmaajav had been exiled for expressing democratic views and they started to herd livestock. The Buriads had often been arrested for they were rich and they engaged in trading. There is a case when only five Buriads were left out of 30 ‘ails’ and the rest had been arrested. The livestock of the repressed were confiscated and taken to the Yeröö camp (lager). Privatization was conducted very wrongly and it was right to lease the cattle for herding, concluded Bavaasan guai.