Interviewee ID: 990283
Parent's name: Tseden
Year of Birth: 1935
Notes on education: Party Institute
Born in: Zaamar sum, Töv aimag
Lives in: Dashinchilen sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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childhood; collectivization; herding / livestock;
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Summary of Interview 090731A with Dashdamba
A former MPRP committee darga of Dashinchilen sum of Bulgan aimag and a League cell darga
Ts.Dashdamba was born in 1935 in Zaamar sum of Töv aimag. Having graduated the seventh grade, he was scheduled to study in the secondary school of Töv aimag but his parents had a private household economy (aj ahui) and they had many livestock therefore they had little interest in sending him to school. He didn’t study further but he went to the countryside to tend the livestock.
A small child in his teens, he participated closely in the establishment of the first collective. He started his work career from the collective as well. All those who had livestock were forced to join the collective, and some liked it and some were reluctant. In fact, the ‘ails’ with many livestock began to join first and it was connected with the official tax. The collective had a slogan ‘let’s all incorporate our possessions and establish a collective enterprise to live cooperatively’. Constant agitation on the importance of living and laboring cooperatively were carried out. The collective members lived by the work-labor wage. The collective was divided into bags and brigades and they had the veterinarian and the bag dargas. The collective herders worked non-stop and they received a salary according to their work. The meals were provided by the collective and later it withdrew the money from the herders’ salary. In this way he talked about the life of the collective members and the herders.
Beginning from 1970 the MPRP conducted a policy of making fences and the movement of enclosing flourished. Also, agriculture was developed and for all this a loan was taken from the Soviet Union, which was used to build massive livestock fences and wells. The main reason the livestock numbers didn’t increase in the socialist period was that the collective livestock were exported in great numbers under the pretext of provisioning meat and livestock.
At the time the collectives broke up and privatization took place, he was the aimag MPRP committee darga and then he was appointed the deputy darga of the collective in Dashinchilen sum. Dashichilen sum distributed the privatization shares to all its people and even those who had shifted to the city got livestock just like the collectives members but a smaller share. It was a peculiarity of Dashinchilen sum that everyone got a share.