Interviewee ID: 990292
Parent's name: Lamjav
Year of Birth: 1933
Notes on education:
Born in: Saihan sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Saihan sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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repressions; education / cultural production; collectivization; herding / livestock;
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Summary of Interview 090740A with Pülee
A former collective herder of Saihan sum, a brigade agent
Many relatives and children of Lamjav guai (see interview 090102; interviewee 990080) have given interviews in our project and one of them is L.Pulee. The interviews of the many family relatives of Lamjav guai is an interesting aspect of the 20th century Mongolian oral history study. IIt is very interesting to trace by one family’s developmental history the oral Mongolian history of the socialist period, its end, and the democratic period.. L.Pulee is the husband of Lamjav’s older sister, Myagmarjav (interview 090741A, interviewee 990293).
He was born in 1933 in Saihan sum, Bulgan aimag. When he was small, around 5 or 6, all of their livestock and property were confiscated. This was because his uncle had been a lama and he was arrested. Then he used to give away his horses, his stallions to the front (during the war) and he was left with several mares with foals. First the rich or the poor joined the collective. After joining the cooperative he used to deliver wool to Halh Gol (in the east) by horse cart. He recalled he regretted being left without a mare to milk, having given away the horses to the collective.
Schools had established in Mongolia but the people didn’t fully understand the meaning of education and schools. The poor people with low standard of living sent their children to schools, and the people with decent standard of living didn’t send their children. Though his family was a reasonable ‘ail’, they sent their two children to school to make them literate and they had four years of education.
He was appointed to study at the officer’s school in the city and while he did homestead (lit: aj ahui) work he got sick and wasn’t able to study further. So he went to the countryside to become a herder. Along with tending the livestock in the collective he had been working as an agent. He told a very funny and interesting story about how he sold his goods, how he fulfilled the planning norms, and what the purchasing power of people of that time was.
He recalled cases of the people concealing their livestock when they were forced to join the collective. He hilariously recalled the ways of concealing them, and he himself also concealed some of his livestock and later he sold, exchanged and consumed them.
He recalled he was fond of feasts and was interested in trading. In 1990 he retired on a pension and lives a wonderful life raising the livestock he received from the privatization.