Interviewee ID: 990346
Parent's name: Dorjpürev
Year of Birth: 1930
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Work: retired, doctor
Born in: Mogod sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Hishig-Öndör sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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travel; cultural campaigns; work; NGOs; illness / health;
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Summary of Interview 090754A with Horloo
Horloo guai was born in 1930 in Mogod sum of Bulgan aimag. There was no education yet and the people resided in the monasteries as disciples [of the lamas]. But during the repressions the majority of the monasteries were dispersed and the lamas were arrested. From 1935 many schools were established like the department (lit: tanhim), the temporary school, the central school and a party school and the literacy and enlightenment work started to be implemented intensely among the people. Horloo guai has completed elementary school and he then tended the cattle with his parents and later attended the medical vocational school and trained as a physician.
Initially at the time of the initial 'people's economy' (ardyn aj ahui) there was a five-year and ten-year plan and due to lack of manpower it was very difficult to fulfill the norms. Many families suffered that hard burden and with the forming of the collectives the ‘ails’ were rid of their burden and the people voluntarily joined the collectives.
The sum assistant doctor's job was very difficult and he used to hang from his saddle the medications and the patients’ medical records and visited the ‘ails’. He treated all kinds of diseases , working as a gynecologist and even a dentist.
In 1957 a large Russian expedition traveled delivering the Mongolians from scabies and venereal diseases. There were no vaccinations then and measles and chicken pox were life-threatening for the children. The Russian expedition set up a special ger and examined and treated each family without exception. The doctors played a great role during the cultural campaign and they were respected even more than some of the dargas.
Among adults syphilis was common and within the period of three years of painstaking work and medical treatment the sickness level was reduced dramatically. At that time infectious hepatitis, pancreas and prostate morbidity were rare and there were many cases of swelling of thyroid gland.
For a male doctor it was difficult to be involved in female diseases and work with pregnant mothers, and women hid the illness because of shyness and only when it worsened, they visited the doctor, and many complications occurred.
Later Horloo guai worked as an assistant doctor at the mineral spring sanatorium and the work was much easier than as a sum assistant doctor and the salary and the provisions were sufficient.
The skill, knowledge and the thinking of the present day educated people are much improved. In the 1970s hepatitis spread nationwide and many people died. Bleeding is very dangerous in the countryside and in case of failing to call the emergency serving and going to the settled areas it is life threatening and there’s lack of healing medication.
Trauma and tonsillitis are often found in the countryside and if tonsillitis is not fully cured, it may impact the joints and cardio-vascular system. It’s a very dangerous ailment. The herders used to use the medicinal herbs grown in the countryside but recently the plants have ceased growing and this is associated with the weather, said Horloo guai.