Interviewee ID: 990350
Parent's name: Lhavar
Year of Birth: 1940
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Born in: Erdenebüren sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Hishig-Öndör sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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privatization; herding / livestock; family; education / cultural production; funerals;
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Summary of Interview 090758A with Namsrai
Namsrai guai was born in 1940. He graduated the elementary school of Erdeneburen sum in 1952. In 1957 he completed the seventh grade of the Zereg sum school, and in 1961 he graduated from the agricultural vocational school of Hovd. Then he came to Hishig-Öndör when the Hishig-Öndör MAAMS was being established and he worked there. In 1969 it was shut down and transformed into a collective joint ownership industrial mechanical plant. In 1992, through the privatization process the Ögöömör company was established and it had about 1000 workers. Their sum had about 50 trucks. Through the privatization process the drivers were given their trucks. When privatizing the joint ownership plant a commission was created. The joint ownership plant had over 5000 livestock and the workers were each given 5 small cattle. Over 3000 small cattle remained and the company Ögöömör kept them. This company had over 400 workers and Namsrai guai has worked as its director and in 1995 he retired. When he retired, he got 10 three-year-old cows for his salary.
In the elementary school the schoolchildren didn’t wear uniforms and they studied in a ger. There was a small low table and twenty children sat alongside it. The teacher put her desk at the door and she taught the class. If a child disturbed the class, he was told he would be sent to a Kazakh school. In the fifth grade he wore footwear only in the winter cold. He lived in the school dormitory and he had two changes of shirts and the janitors washed his clothes. There were many children with lice. They mainly ate noodles, millet and soup made of offal. In 1957 when he entered the seventh grade, he wore the same clothes. He had a 180 tögrögs stipend while at vocational school. When his shoes wore out with a hole in it, he cut a notebook and inserted it into the shoes. He resoled his footwear back home.
Having completed the vocational school, he attended the MAAMS mechanic repair training course in Poland with other 30 children. In Poland they all had been taught how to use a toilet, for the countryside children weren’t aware of it.
When burying the dead, baskets were balanced on two sides of a camel and it was wrapped in a deel and put horizontally and pressed. The dead were put out in the open.