Interviewee ID: 990350
Parent's name: Lhavar
Year of Birth: 1940
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Born in: Erdenebüren sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Hishig-Öndör sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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cultural campaigns; democracy; repressions; privatization; NGOs;
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Summary of Interview 090758B with Namsrai
In 1960-1970s he prepared for the cultural campaign and visited some ‘ails’ to teach them hot wo wash things and even he taught about cooking vegetables. The sum workers were sent to work at the places where the cultural inspection people had failed to improve the situation. They visited the ‘ails’ at night and checked whether they had the towels, soap and they taught and advised what to do. The ‘ails’ also made meal schedules and the family members all had a work schedule and they had them checked.
In 1963 the threshing machine broke at the crop field of the Gurvan Bulag of Bureg Hangai and when the people were told to come to work there, mainly old people went. At that time the aimag secretary in charge found out who did what kind of work while visiting the ails for the cultural inspection and he gave them the assignment to work at threshing. They inquired if the people were engaged in any kind of work or not, checked the hygiene, and each ‘ail’ had to have a library. They also checked whether they bathed or not by checking the bathing coupon. In this way the cultural campaign’s effect was great. During the cultural campaign detergent and soap were abundant and the people often washed their clothes. Before, the people washed their clothes during the felt-making and they put their clothes in between the felt and washed them.
It was forbidden to talk carelessly about the repressions and there were often cases of losing a job because of a denunciation. Also, there were people who were politically repressed through exile and such people came and worked in his homeland. Banzragch darga was exiled and he was very pleasant to talk and communicate with. But there were also the exiled people who were depressed about their situation and they were wary.
Concerning democracy, the people understood and took it in in various ways. But 60 percent of them accepted it as the right thing. The Soviet Union had split up therefore it was inevitable for our nation to have reforms but it was too quick and the society didn't change in an orderly fashion, concluded Namsrai guai. During the democratic change many people not affiliated with the revolutionary party joined the Democratic Party but later they have changed their membership to the revolutionary party.