Handaa


Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990360
Name: Handaa
Parent's name: Jamba
Ovog: Marguud
Sex: f
Year of Birth: 1955
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: secondary
Notes on education: büren dund
Work: seamstress, herder
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Hishig-Öndör sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Hishig-Öndör sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder


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Summary of Interview 090762A with Handaa


Handaa guai went to school in 1960 and she used to live with her grandmother in the sum center. At first they used to write with indelible pencils and later they started to write with ink. Until the end of the first academic quarter the children rode horses to school. From the fifth grade Russian uniforms started to appear but they were rare. Therefore the people made dresses from brown drill cloth and aprons from the black and white drill cloth. There used to be string ribbons but they were very rare. She ironed the ribbons on the stove pipe. When ironing the uniform, she boiled water in cast iron kettle and ironed with it. She often took part in the school concerts and she was given a box of candies and cookies. The advanced schoolchildren were given 14 notebooks and ink or a case for an ink holder.


She had a problem with her foot, so she visited hospitals and as a result she lagged behind and attended school with her younger sister in the same grade. Later, when they were to enter the eighth grade, they were told that one of them would be allowed to go, so her younger sister went to the countryside on an assignment and she remained to continue her study. Her foot bothered her and she couldn’t walk so she came to the city to have it examined and found out it had been broken. Having visited many hospitals, she came back to attend the school and enter the eighth grade but when she wasn’t let in, her mother met the director of the school and then she was let in. When entering the tenth grade, the Party Central Committee decided how many children would go to vocational school and how many stay at the school and go on an assignment. Because of her academic grades she had the opportunity to continue her study in the tenth grade but since she was older she had to go to the vocational school. Thus she entered the European pattern [of sewing] class of the Cultural service school. Adarsüren guai and Tungalag guai visited their vocational school and selected the good children singers and Handaa guai was selected as one of them. But the school forbade her to go on stage for she was a little lame.


When she came to work in the public service department of Hishig-Öndör, they always sewed deel, canvas roofing, and footwear. They had treadle sewing machines and flat-irons. Handaa guai first became acquainted with her husband when he was serving in the army and having come to their homeland, they wedded.