Interviewee ID: 990362
Parent's name: Dondov
Year of Birth: 1942
Notes on education:
Born in: Saihan sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Saihan sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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collectivization; herding / livestock; family; travel; democracy;
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Summary of Interview 090764A with Divaasüren
Divaasüren guai was born in 1942 and until 1963 she raised the collective livestock, living with her parents.
They didn’t join the collective when it first was established and later in 1959, they attended meetings throughout the day and night and eventually they were compelled to join. The milkmaid’s work was very hard and she got up at three in the morning and milked the cows and finished at six. During the day she made dried curds, prepared hay and in the afternoon again she was involved in the dairy work and learning to read and write in between. On top of all that there was the household work. In fact, she worked hard with no break.
Divaasüren guai drove herds and she started off at the end of May and came back at the beginning of November. While driving the herd there were many difficulties like staying overnight guarding the cattle and she didn’t get a full night's sleep.
The countryside people understood the 1990 hunger strike as the people begging for food from the state. Later with the victory of democracy they were happy that there would not be a war.
There’s a split between the Revolutionary party and the Democratic Party in the countryside, and the Revolutionary party always wins the elections.
Cattle rustling is increasing sharply in the countryside and the cattle are killed on the spot and they are loaded and taken away.
The women made their own clothes and sometimes she bought children’s footwear and clothes in the Russian store in Erdenet.
There was almost no alcoholism then and the stores didn’t sell alcohol in grams like today and there was no one to buy bottled alcohol. There was distilled vodka in the countryside but it was given to the older people. They talked the whole day and consumed very little of it. But nowadays they talk little and drink much, she said.
With the coming of democracy life has been improved but negative things like alcoholism and theft have increased. There’s a shortage of jobs and the people don’t like livestock and laziness has become common.