Interviewee ID: 990364
Parent's name: Ochirsüren
Year of Birth: 1952
Notes on education:
Work: project coordinator
Born in: Saihan sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Bulgan sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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work; new technologies; privatization; illness / health; herding / livestock;
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Summary of Interview 090766A with Medehgüi
Medehgüi guai was born in 1952 in the land of Saihan sum of Bulgan aimag. He raised livestock together with his parents and at the age of eight he went to school. He finished the secondary school in Bulgan aimag and while studying at the agricultural institute he was called to serve in the army. In 1976 he graduated from the institute and became a deputy darga of a collective and a chief zoo-technician.
Initially from 1951 the development of cattle for meat began in the northern region and as a result of many years of selection and breeding work the Selenge breed was developed in 1979. This research collective was rewarded with a state prize. Recently, the Selenge breed cow’s productivity has failed to reach the initial indicators, and Medehgüi guai, as a person who developed this breed, has been working on increasing its productivity for the last several years.
Originally, a company was established to retain herds of all the breeds during privatization but Simba Bataa, having privatized this company, has wasted all the cows.
The veterinary care has declined after its privatization and all the cattle have stopped being vaccinated with a consequent increase of infectious cattle disease. If the veterinarian and the herders work on a contract basis, both sides’ responsibilities will increase and there’s a possibility of decreasing the loss of livestock. Excessive increase in the number of livestock without economic circulation may lead to overgrazing, and a study has been issued that the substantial part of the Mongolian pasture land has been degraded.
Without the state policy, the tax system, without circulating the cattle by the economic leverage and without the number of cattle appropriate for the grazing capacity the pasture land will be destroyed soon and it will be impossible for livestock husbandry to exist, emphasized Medehgüi guai.
The decline of livestock herding techniques and the increase of mechanisation has a negative impact on the quality of the cattle and a decrease in size is being observed. The cattle are not accepted for export because of the cattle disease and we have 25-26 regular cattle diseases. If we improve the cattle breeding and develop the intensified livestock husbandry according to the state policy there’s a possibility of steady development of livestock husbandry, said Medehgüi guai.