Interviewee ID: 990364
Parent's name: Ochirsüren
Year of Birth: 1952
Notes on education:
Work: project coordinator
Born in: Saihan sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Bulgan sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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privatization; work; herding / livestock; travel; authority;
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Summary of Interview 090766B with Medehgüi
During the privatization process Medehgüi guai was working at the Ingettolgoi state farm. This farm was considered a large farm at that time and its turnover was 56-57 million tögrögs. In fact, there were only three farms that had remained the state farms nationwide and they are Ingettolgoi, Tümentsogt of Sühbaatar and Zaluuchuud of Töv aimag. The Bayantsogt state farm was divided into 24 parts at that time. There was a suggestion to divide the Ingettolgoi state farm into four parts but each ‘bag’ had different yields and their profit was different. Therefore they discussed with the herders and the farmers about the worthlessness of dividing the state farm and it has been kept as a state farm. Twenty percent of it was made with the involvement of state property and 40 percent of the cattle were privatized. As a farm, they have discussed buying the shares themselves but in 1992 the Ingettolgoi state farm was shut down, and the Ingettolgoi shareholding company was established and a man named Byambaa became its director. Medehgüi guai’s health deteriorated and he moved to Saihan. When leaving, he instructed them to buy his shares.
Medehgüi guai attended a training course at the Management Development Institute and he said he acquired quite a bit of knowledge from this. A man called Bataa privatized the Ingettolgoi shareholding company, having purchased the blue and pink coupons the people had. The people weren’t aware of the coupons’ value then. As for the other state farms, they have been split up into small parts. Most of them perhaps had become bankrupt, he said. Some perhaps had unified the ones that have gone bankrupt, acquiring a private company, he said.
Medehgüi guai is now working as a countryside poverty alleviation project manager. The trainings necessary for people to make a living are being organized by the project. Also, investments are being made for improving the management environment of the livestock husbandry. In 1966 the first stage of the livestock restocking project was being carried out in Arhangai and Hövsgöl. But the number of livestock of the majority of the ‘ails’ has decreased, therefore it was thought that the project wasn’t being executed well. Therefore this program has started to be implemented to assist, firstly, in the livestock husbandry issue, secondly, in the sphere of the social sector, thirdly, in the micro-financial activity or in the economic sphere. 700-800 million tögrögs have been invested in livestock per year. In the social sector, investments have been made for the hospitals and schools.
Poverty is increasing in the countryside and the people who privatized cattle lack livestock handling experience and, on the other hand, due to weather complications 1700 families within the aimag have lost their cattle by 2003. But, in fact, poverty is increasing in the sum center and the aimag center. The people have started to migrate to the settled central places.
In 1990 the sum mayor, the sum darga, the state farm darga, the cooperative darga, the sum dargas separated and all the work had been concentrated on the sum darga. Especially in 1992-1994 it was extremely hard.